Of course, the classic drainage holes in the bottom are functional. Rain or irrigation water is running through the potting soil towards the bottom. A possible surplus of water is thus easily evacuated through that single hole or the different holes in the bottom.

However, potting soil contains a high number of bigger and smaller cavities, that are filled with air. When watering a container (pot, bottle, bucket, barrel, etc.), irrigation water is running rather swiftly towards the bottom of the container. A number of those cavities are thereby filled with water and air is pushed out. That is visible e.g. when we immerse a pot in a bucket of water: we
see the bubbles leaving the potting soil during a short period, until influent water has pushed out most of the air of the bigger cavities. Even if we do not see bubbles leaving the soil anymore, a certain volume of air is the still remaining in the potting soil, namely that in the smallest cavities.

This means that, when watering a container with the classic drainage hole(s) in the bottom, water will run quickly through the potting soil, moistening that soil for its major part, but not completely. A lot of precious water will run out of the container through the drainage hole(s) in the bottom and be lost for moistening our plants. This means that a number of cavities will still be filled with air (leaving those small parts of the potting soil dry).

Now, imagine what will happen if we put the container with holes in the bottom in a recipient, e.g. a bowl. Water running out of the drainage hole(s) is then collected in the bowl. From there it will gradually be re-absorbed by the potting soil (and the rootball). It re-enters our container and after a certain time it moistens the potting soil almost completely. However, if we exaggerated when watering, too much water will be collected in the bowl and that water will stand there for a longer time, having a negative effect on the roots (e.g. by asphyxiation).

On the contrary, if we did not exaggerate when watering, only a smaller quantity of water will be collected in the bowl, and that quantity will rather quickly re-enter the container, completing the moistening of the potting soil and the rootball.

Considering this phenomenon, it came to my mind that drilling drainage holes in the sidewall should have the same effect as collecting a quantity of irrigation water in that bowl. My experiments proved the positive effect.

People in Ireland and India are able to grow avocado trees indoors. What about our friends in Malawi ?

A message from Juliana Alfarini

I live in the west of Ireland and these are my indoor avocado trees, grown from a seed in fruits bought at the market. They just came up in my compost! I try to grow some doing the trick with the seed and the toothpicks, but it didn’t work . We eat a lot of avocados, so little trees pop in my compost in summer.

Here is a video : https://youtu.be/CL0IVzjmB_U


Pravashna Rai (India)

Hi. Mine grew on the kitchen compost too. It’s been almost a year and it’s growing well. I live in Bangalore, India so I have let the purselane grow at the base, to maintain the moisture during the warmer months. I too couldn’t propagate with the toothpick and water but lo and behold I throw t stones in the compost and up it pops. Nature’s miracle. The indoor plant looks lovely.

Who is afraid of growing lettuce in containers ? Save your bottles.

A message from Romel Nicolas

Seeding in a horizontal bottle of which the top side has been cut : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=1804409846379755&set=pcb.4112181388826279
Seedlings transplanted in top half of bottles : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=1804410029713070&set=pcb.4112181388826279
Seedlings transplanted in top half of bottles : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=1804410303046376&set=pcb.4112181388826279
Seedlings growing in top half of bottles : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=1804410506379689&set=pcb.4112181388826279
Young lettuce plants developing : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=1804410639713009&set=pcb.4112181388826279
Edible lettuce leaves : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=1804410829712990&set=pcb.4112181388826279
Ready to be harvested : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=1804411029712970&set=pcb.4112181388826279
Remarkable growth : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=1804411213046285&set=pcb.4112181388826279
Delicious lettuce : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=1804411339712939&set=pcb.4112181388826279
Fresh food close to the kitchen, a fairy tale for every mother : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=1804411489712924&set=pcb.4112181388826279

Get a few strawberry plants and then grow hundreds of them. Earn a lot of money at the market.

A message from Ernesto Viña Negrón  – Santa Cruz de Tenerife – https://huertaorchard.blogspot.com/2020/09/reproducir-fresales-facilmente.html?m=1&fbclid=IwAR29ZLyO8VoWImva6S9B1-nt70jq_dhTIHLQTptWQqhJuuzKmU6HkavmA88

Lo primero después de conseguir nuestro fresal, es esperar a que empiece a sacar estolones, que son unas guías donde nacerán nuevas planta de fresas. / The first thing after getting our strawberry plant, is to wait for it to start sending out stolons (runners); on the top of each runner (stolon) a new baby strawberry plant will be formed.

En segundo lugar es dejar “descansar” las nuevas plantas en unas macetas, en donde empezaran a enraizar, con ayuda de una piedra para inmovilizarlas, sin llegar a enterrarlas sólo en contacto con la tierra. / Secondly, we will let the new plants “rest” in pots filled with soil, where they will begin to root. With the help of a stone we immobilize them on the soil, without actually burying them, leaving them only in contact with the soil.

En tercer lugar ya a las tres semanas nuestros fresales han enraizado bien y se podrán cortar las guías para separarlos de la planta madre y trasplantarlos a su lugar definitivo. / Thirdly, in three weeks time the strawberry babies will have rooted well and the stolons can be cut off to separate the babies from the mother plant. If needed we can transplant them in a bigger container, e.g. a bucket or a plastic bag.


Do you eat celery ? Then grow it indoors.


A message from Chokri Hizem

Learning how to grow celery indoors is a great way to ensure a regular supply of your favorite healthy food.

Celery is packed with health benefits and is a rich source of antioxidants and nutrients. Celery has a reputation for being difficult to cultivate. If you have tried and struggled in the past why not learn how to grow celery indoors?


They can grow tomatoes in buckets in Kenya. Come on, Malawi, you can do it too !

A message from Adume Asino – Kisumu, Kenya


Collect the seeds you find in some cherry tomatoes. Have them germinated and transplant the seedlings in buckets or pails.

There you are, collecting tasty cherry tomatoes.

Teach your neighbours how to do it and submerge Malawi with a tomato tsunami.

Imagine all Malawian families would have some different Citrus trees or other fruit trees in containers at home

It may take a couple of years, but anyway it would create a dramatic difference for all the Malawian children, having oranges, mandarines, clementines, lemons or grapefruits within handreach. So, Malawian friends, don’t postpone the growing of citrus trees in container. Do it now ! (see below).

A photo sent by Gärtnerpro



These seedlings have been transplanted first one per one in yoghurt pots, later on in buckets in which they first got blooming.

Photo WVC P1100449
Photo WVC P1100454
Photo WVC P1100455

Growing fruit trees in Containers | How to Grow fruit trees in Pot


Apples, peaches, and other tree fruits are ideal candidates for containers. Beautiful spring flowers followed by luscious fruit — what’s not to love? Fruit trees do require a bit more care than other fruits, especially when it comes to managing insects and diseases. The results are well worth the extra effort.

Apples: Most apple varieties are available grown on a nice selection of dwarfing rootstocks that allow you to choose almost any size tree. One of many good rootstocks for containers is EMLA 27, which usually gives you a 5- to 7-foot-high tree.

Growing tips: Most apples need cross-pollination, so you may need to plant more than one variety. Trees need regular pruning. The fruit must be thinned. Adaptation: If you choose the right varieties, apples can be grown almost anywhere temperatures don’t fall below –20 degrees Fahrenheit

Apricots: Apricot trees generally get too big (about 15 feet) to grow in containers for any prolonged period. However, some catalogs sell varieties on dwarfing rootstocks.

Growing tips: Some varieties need cross-pollination to produce fruit; others are self-fruitful. Trees require annual pruning to remain healthy and fruitful. The fruit must be thinned to reach full size.

Adaptation: Apricots have a rather limited range of adaptation, preferring areas with long, dry summers. In other areas, they’re prone to disease. Trees also bloom very early, making the blossoms subject to frost damage.

Citrus: Where winter temperatures don’t fall much below 26 degrees Fahrenheit, many varieties of citrus make excellent container plants year-round. In other areas, trees can be brought indoors. Some of the naturally smaller citrus that can thrive in containers for years include Meyer lemon, Bearss lime, and the hardier Nagami kumquat and Satsuma mandarins. Otherwise, grow just about any variety grafted on Flying Dragon dwarf rootstock for the perfect 6- to 8-foot-high container tree.

Growing tips: Most varieties are self-fruitful and don’t need to be pruned to remain productive. Feed with fertilizers that contain zinc, iron, and manganese to avoid micronutrient deficiencies

Adaptation: Varieties vary by cold hardiness and the amount of summer heat that they need to ripen fruit. In very cool summer areas, grow acidic fruit like lemons and limes.

Cherries: Normally quite large trees (upwards of 35 feet), most sweet cherries are not well-adapted to growing in containers. There are bush cherries available, such as Jan and Joel, that get 4 feet tall and wide. You need two varieties for cross-pollination.

Growing tips: Most varieties must be matched carefully with another to ensure cross-pollination. Some, like Dwarf Northstar, are self-fruitful. Prune annually to keep trees healthy and productive.

Adaptation: Local variety adaptation is very important. Cherries are best grown in areas with mild, dry summers. In other areas diseases can run rampant.

Figs: With beautiful, large, lobed, tropical-looking leaves, figs are really eye-catching in containers. Although they’re normally quite large trees (up to 40 feet high), severe pruning can keep them more pot-size — and they still bear fruit. Figs are only hardy to about 15 degrees Fahrenheit, but they can be brought into a cool garage to get them through cold winters.

Growing tips: Figs are pretty much carefree — just keep plants watered, fertilized, and if necessary, protected in winter

Adaptation: Other than the sensitivity to cold temperatures, figs are widely adapted.

Peaches and nectarines: Both types of fruit are available in genetic dwarf varieties, like El Dorado, Garden Gold, and Stark Sensation peaches and the nectarine, Nectarcrest. All are perfectly suited to container growing. They’re attractive trees with a compact, muscular-looking appearance. They reach about 4 to 6 feet high in a container and are self-fruitful.

Growing tips: Prune the trees annually to keep the center open. Thin heavily to ensure large fruit at harvest time.

Adaptation: Peaches and nectarines are best adapted to areas with hot, dry summers. They can be grown in other areas, but diseases are more troublesome.

Pears: Pears are available on dwarfing rootstocks, but the result is still a tree that can reach 10 to 15 feet high.

Growing tips: Fruit thinning usually isn’t necessary. Some varieties need cross-pollination. Otherwise, pears are pretty easy to care for.

Adaptation: European varieties like Bartlett, Bosc, and Comice are best adapted to dry summer areas that have fairly cold winters. Hybrid pears, like Kieffer, often have lower chilling requirements.

Plums: Plums are generally too large to remain healthy in anything but the largest container for more than a few years. Even dwarfing rootstocks can get over 10 feet high.

Growing tips: Prune regularly to keep them healthy and productive. Thin to maintain fruit size.

Adaptation: Plum trees are widely adapted but subject to diseases in areas with warm, wet summers.

Source: https://instiks.com/fruiting-trees-you-can-grow-in-containers/?fbclid=IwAR37dglHnkXy-xlLKSzqhHZTfsGxR05KjwNX4-V39LsjjexjqX5718A64XY

If the Malawian schools have to go in COVID-lockdown, container gardening at home is THE solution to avoid malnutrition (Prof. W. VAN COTTHEM)

Ghent University, Belgium.

No school garden, no school meals, only food produced at home or purchased at the market. All families have to turn to their own kitchen garden. That’s where container gardening leads to the best solution :


Some 2.64 million Malawians face acute food insecurity between January and March: Report

PREAMBULE OF PROF. Dr. Willem VAN COTTHEM (Ghent University, Belgium)

If flooding or drought and COVID are the major reasons behind acute food insecurity, I can only strongly recommend to switch drastically to CONTAINER GARDENING AT HOME (see my series of simple but efficient examples published since months on this blog). Food crops produced at home are not weather or covid-dependent. That’s the best way to get climate-smart agriculture at almost no cost. Even blind people can see this.

Erratic weather patterns as well as job losses due to COVID-19 major factors behind shortageshttps://www.downtoearth.org.in/news/africa/some-2-64-million-malawians-face-acute-food-insecurity-between-january-and-march-report-75030

By Madhumita Paul -Published: Tuesday 12 January 2021

The analysis has suggested that the administration should provide information about prices of maize, Malawi’s principal crop, as a way to tackle the crisis. Photo: Wikimedia Commons

Some 2.64 million people in the southern African country of Malawi will face an ‘acute food shortage’ between this month and March, a new analysis has said.

The analysis, carried out by multi-partner initiative Integrated Food Security Phase Classification, was released earlier this month. It cited erratic weather conditions as well as the novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) as the reasons for the projected food insecurity.

Two million of the total 2.64 million people facing high acute food insecurity are in the rural areas of Malawi, while 610,000 are in the country’s four largest cities of Lilongwe, Blantyre, Mzuzu and Zomba.

The report has cited weather conditions as one of the two main factors for the food insecurity. The report said parts of Rumphi and Karonga districts in northern Malawi had experienced flooding and waterlogging that had damaged crops.

On the other hand, in the south, the Nsanje and Chikwawa districts, as well as parts of Phalombe, Balaka, Mwanza, Neno, Zomba, and Chiradzulu districts, had experienced localised dry spells and early cessation of rainfall. This had resulted in localised below-average production.

Consequently, households in southern Malawi and some parts of central and northern Malawi, “will likely experience some food gaps, especially at the peak of the lean season in January and February 2021,” the analysis noted.

The other major reason behind the food insecurity is COVID-19. The number of new COVID-19 cases reported daily has increased somewhat from December 15-22, 2020 after remaining low for months.

Malawi has registered job losses due to COVID-19, especially affecting the informal labour market, the analysis said. The typical worker in the informal sector will see their earnings go down to below $21.9 if the crisis lasts till March 2021, which is below the US$1 a day line, the analysis said.

The analysis recommended reduction in food consumption gaps by improving access to food, providing price information about Malawi’s principal crop maize throughout the country and promoting climate-smart agriculture.

Sweet potato in container ? Give it a try; you will be amazed.

A message from Richard Heng

Photo : My sweet potato which I plan to transplant to a bucket soon.

The potato had already sprouted slips before I soaked it in water and planted it in this container.

Hope for a harvest of them tubers in due time. We stir fry the leaves and tender vines of a type of sweet potatoes planted just for the leaves. It’s a common veggie here in Malaysia.


Do Malawians like ginger ?

And if they do, will they grow it in containers ? Why wouldn’t they ?


A message from Sanjay Walkoli

Organic Ginger harvested third time.

In last summer second harvest taken and sowed 30 % of it again.

It’s easy to grow ginger; it take 7 to 8 months to be harvested.

It’s leaves will dry automatically; then you need to stop watering for 15 more days. Then you may harvest and surely get a maximum yield.

Happy gardening


Enjoy your own tomatoes grown in containers

A message from Padma Dabbera


Buy a tomato or two at the market.

Collect the seeds, wash them and let them dry.

Let them germinate in a cakebox filled with some potting soil.

Transplant the seedlings in containers (one per container).

Keep the potting soil moistened and harvest masses of tomatoes.

Growing vegetables in an urban garden

A message from Biolife

What do I do?🤔

This question is asked when we are going to start our urban garden Some suggestions that combine very well with each other.🥦Collections: Broccoli, Lettuce, Brussels sprouts or cabbage, cauliflower🥬Lettuce: you do not need to sow it, for the part of his stem in a little water and in a few days you will have lettuce, (called Lettuce Hydroponic) also there are seeds of lettuce. The lettuce is very grateful with a little care, they are given all the year, especially in winter the purple ones, the green ones that form head and are of big leaves, the laughing lettuces will give a special color to your garden, but if what you want is to give but color to your garden the chards of colors in his variety will give him a texture to very special garden. (and your dishes) there are purple, yellow, red, white or green chards.Horticultural Plants:🥕Carrots: they are easy to grow, they are given all year round, just spread the seeds somewhere in your garden (choose a good place, with good light) or a container that has depth, on top you make some humus and you will have your carrots🍅Tomato: at the beginning it is difficult to distinguish the types of tomatoes, as you plant you become familiar with them, but you can start with the variety you want, it will be an experience to see them grow 🌶Bell pepper: you have the seeds in your kitchen (you probably have a bell pepper in there). Just spread it on the ground (a good substrate), cover it with some humus and you will have some delicious peppers.Of course there are more, but I leave you with the easiest and fastest results.If you do not have much time to take care of your crops I recommend not to sow too much, go little by little, gain experience to take the next step.remember you can start it with seeds or buy the already grown seedlings (with which you will see the fruits faster, since it saves you the germination process) you choose.Finally, remember to make your compost, which is organic material and will help you a lot so that your vegetables, fruits, grow healthy and nutritious since they are grown in pots, containers, etc. The consumption of nutrients is very high.Happy Day 🥗

Follow the advice of this man in Sri Lanka

Dilupa Akalanka shared a link – Assistant Farm Manager. at Government Farm Labuduwa and works at Agriculture Instructor at Department of Agriculture, Southern province and National Wushu Judge& Referees at Wushu Federation of Sri Lanka

Have a good look at the video and imagine you are able to realize this production of peppers.

See what a friend in Senegal (Casamance) is able to grow: peppers in container

Belgian agronomist leading a project in Senegal

A message from Rafael van Bogaert -In Dutch : “Golden greek pepperoncini in…. jawel containerteelt – Pepers blijken ook aardig te lukken, heb nog een emmerken met chili-pepers uit india… maar die moeten dagelijks 2 x water hebben; heb ze dan maar India “grotendorst” genoemd; foto’s volgen over 1 of 2 weken afhankelijk van de afrijpsnelheid. Kwestie van wat kleur op de foto te hebben !“.


Prof WVC’s advice to his Malawian friends : Buy a couple of ripe peppers at the market, collect their seeds, let these germinate and repot the individual seedlings in pots or buckets. You will soon be able to produce heaps of peppers yourself. Harvest them, sell the major part at the market and return home your pockets full of money. With a part of the pepper seeds, set up a plantation with hundreds of containers in which all sorts of peppers are growing and conquer the market as the biggest pepper producer in Malawi. Set up a pepper factory and become rich … etc.

Go into politics and let your children run the factory !

Why waiting ?

No child malnutrition when food production can be done on a windowsill

A message from Tina Brewington

Does anyone have pictures of their raised garden beds today had both flowers and veggies planted in it? Trying to figure out my layout this year and want some ideas for spacing/placement. 💪Last year’s bed for attention. If it helps, the bed is about 4′ x 2.5′


Bottle tower gardens to produce food crops and herbs

A nice comment from LCR on my video https://youtu.be/K9vN2eudWcQ


“Salute to you sir !! ..Bigger pots or not..for someone who is living in a concrete jungle where apartments have no space for pots, the idea you present somehow works for me..my vegetables might not be able to form seeds but they are sufficient to produce organic leaves for the family…i can teach kids gardening too..So thank you so much for sharing this information”.

Thanks, LCR

Maybe you don’t know that the spineless prickly pear pads are edible ?

Google “nopales” and find out how to grow them in containers.

Photo Voltaire Adrian P. Pasaoa – https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=3819039568158919&set=gm.3665281033511116
¨hoto WVC – 2011-08-16-Opuntia-in-bottle-Photo-Tine-DAU-DSCN3203
Photo Architecture-design-fails-accidents-waiting-to-happen-27-58db6b2113149__605
They can even be grown in plantations – body-0-1389121298411

You can use styrofoam or plastic trays for growing vegetables and peppers at home or at school

A message from Alice Nairne – Cowra, New South Wales, Australia


Grow veggies in kitchen garden

By TERRY KRAMER |December 24, 2020 – https://www.times-standard.com/2020/12/24/north-coast-gardening-grow-veggies-in-kitchen-garden/

Starting a winter kitchen garden is a wonderful way to greet the new year. This kind of food garden is one where you make frequent light harvests of greens and herbs for salads and soups. Happily, local nurseries still carry a nice supply of locally grown winter greens and hardy herbs.

Of course, digging in a muddy garden is not pleasing at this time of year. Consider growing in containers. If you have an open spot in the garden that gets at least six hours of winter sun, then you have enough for a kitchen garden. Here is what you can do to put tasty fresh vegetables and herbs on the menu this winter:

Use containers: The beauty of using a few large containers, as opposed to growing vegetables in the ground, is that there is no weeding, no mess and no mud. Larger containers, say 18 inches or more wide and deep, can accommodate winter root crops like beets and carrots.

Consider soil and fertilizer: Using a top quality potting soil at the outset will assure success. About filling a container halfway, add a thin layer of 4-4-4 all-purpose organic fertilizer. Then, scratch some in at the top after planting. This will last the entire life of the crop.

Water: Starts planted now will only need watering during dry spells. Usually, winter rain does all the work.

Cold is good: Cold, wet weather is good for cool season vegetables. Carrots are sweeter, crisper. Salad greens, kale and chard are extra sweet and crunchy, too.

Add a little warmth: Winter vegetables will take off a bit faster if they are covered with row cover after initial planting. Row cover is essential if you are starting seeds like pea, carrot or beet.

Get started now: This time of year, young starts will take their time getting established, but it is worth the wait. These days at the nursery you will find many vegetable starts. Kale, chard, purple sprouting broccoli, mesclun greens, radicchio, lettuce greens and spinach all produce well in the winter locally.

Watch out: Slugs and snails are the only pests to keep an eye on. Putting out organic slug bait at planting time and then again after rain arrives will keep them under control.

Quite simple to grow avocado and mandarine seedlings in containers

Avocado seedlings in pots : Photo-Crystal-Montoya—1796427_10202663387081922_1982858752_n (2)
One avocado seedling and several mandarine seedlings in a tray : Photo WVC : 117704555_10224423057223361_9104581655751591600_o (2)
Photo WVC : 117945610_10224423057583370_5972449503330326242_o (2)
Photo WVC : 117975820_10224423061663472_4213629817410713318_o (2)
Photo WVC : 117644506_10224423063463517_640121711891208073_o
Photo WVC : 117995046_10224423064463542_7350252149072047997_o (2)
Photo WVC : 117889823_10224423066703598_8720011993826945863_o (2)

So easy : Grow tomatoes from slices of a ripe tomato and grow strawberry runners in a container

Video by Ghazala Moazzam: https://www.facebook.com/ghazala.moazzam/videos/10222443379566015


A message from Muhammad Farooq AzeemiIslamabad, Pakistan

How to grow sweet, juicy, organic tomatoes from fresh tomato seeds

Cut slices of a tomato with ripe seeds and let them germinate in a pot, covered with a thin soil layer : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=2804997332956614&set=pcb.3395619533815805
Grow the seedlings in container : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=2804997169623297&set=pcb.3395619533815805
Planter with growing tomato plants : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=2804997352956612&set=pcb.3395619533815805
Ready for harvesting tomatoes in container : https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=2804997262956621&set=pcb.3395619533815805
By Roy Balfour : One strawberry in a pot, 8 runners of this plant, potted the runners, free strawberry plants for next year, easy propagation.

For those who love rose lettuce

A message from Ankur Gupta

Beleah Rose Lettuce

Very frilly and shiny leaf type that is intensely ruby-red. It has to be one of the darkest lettuces around! The red color carries deeper down into the center than with many other good red varieties. Red leaf lettuce is loaded with vitamins and minerals while low in calories. Its nutrient profile is comparable to other lettuces. Red leaf lettuce has an especially high water content, which can keep you hydrated and feeling full. Red leaf lettuce boasts a number of antioxidants, which protect your body from damage caused by unstable molecules called free radicals. Having too many free radicals in your body may increase your likelihood of certain diseases. Red leaf lettuce is especially rich in the antioxidant beta carotene, which is a carotenoid pigment that your body converts into vitamin A. Eating adequate amounts of beta carotene may bolster your eyesight and reduce your risk of macular degeneration, a condition that can lead to vision loss. What’s more, red leaf lettuce gets its reddish-purple hues from anthocyanins, a group of flavonoid antioxidants. Diets rich in anthocyanin-dense foods may fight inflammation and are linked to improvements in heart disease risk factors, such as HDL (good) and LDL (bad) cholesterol. Additionally, red leaf lettuce is a good source of vitamin C, another powerful antioxidant. Foods high in this vitamin may reduce your risk of heart disease and certain cancers. Red leaf lettuce contains decent amounts of magnesium and potassium, which may boost your heart health. Red leaf lettuce is high in vitamin A, a nutrient that’s essential for maintaining vision and immunity. Red leaf lettuce is an excellent source of vitamin K, a nutrient involved in blood clotting and bone health. Potassium may help reduce high blood pressure levels. Eating potassium-rich foods like red leaf lettuce may stabilize your blood pressure. Three cups (85 grams) of shredded leaves provide the following nutrients:

Calories: 11

Protein: 1 gram

Fat: 0.2 grams

Fiber: 1 gram

Vitamin K: 149% of the Daily Value (DV)

Vitamin A: 127% of the DV

Magnesium: 3% of the DV

Manganese: 9% of the DV

Folate: 8% of the DV

Iron: 6% of the DV

Vitamin C: 5% of the DV

Potassium: 5% of the DV

Vitamin B6: 4% of the DV

Thiamine: 4% of the DV

Riboflavin: 4% of the DV


You don’t need to buy seeds, simply buy one ripe chili pepper, collect its seeds and let them germinate in a container

A message from Nasruddin Bin JaafarKuala Lumpur, Malaysia

My chilli plant was 2 months old when I transferred it into a pot. Then it grew and grew and started giving flowers after flowers. From flowers it turned out into small chilli and later ripen from green into red. This chilli is small but its really hot when you take it.


You buy 1 tomato and get hundreds of seeds to be germinated and grown in containers. So you get kilos of tomatoes for your family

A message from Gomti Akoijam –

Tomatoes in my container — feeling happy.

You can even grow some green onions in the same container (see photo).

See also : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nKWUCX8_rKo&fbclid=IwAR0HZHroAOICkjP5VAZQPh-K8G0UHwkQdXI2YZ5SWWMyYOve-6J2Pna-FME

and : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nKWUCX8_rKo&t=1s


All Malawians can grow French beans in containers

A message from Diganta Bardoloi – Dispur, Guwahati, India

A 5 litre sized container is enough for a French bean plant. But the most important thing is care and timely fertilizing of the plant. These are from my rooftop container garden.

French bean plants in containers, even on a rooftop ! – https://www.facebook.com/groups/221343224576801/
The first flowers appear – https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=4967437006664085&set=pcb.4047253431985742
Rich blooming – https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=4967437849997334&set=pcb.4047253431985742
A lot of beans – https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=4967439056663880&set=pcb.4047253431985742

MALAWI: Government plans to plant more than 60 million trees in 4 months

Let us hope the major part of these 60 million will be fruit trees (Prof. Dr. Willem Van Cotthem, Ghent University, Belgium)

By Inès Magoum – Published on December 21 2020 / Modified on December 21 2020

MALAWI: Government plans to plant more than 60 million trees in 4 months ©Dennis Wegewijs/Shutterstock

On December 16th, 2020, the President of the Republic of Malawi, Lazarus Chakwera, launched the national forestry season which will run from December 2020 to April 2021. The ambition of the government of this East African country for this season is the planting of more than 60 million trees.

Malawi is setting itself new challenges for its national forest season 2020/2021. The president of the East African country, Lazarus Chakwera, recently unveiled the goal of the initiative: the planting of more than 60 million trees in just four months, from December 2020 to April 2021. During last forest season, Malawi is estimated to have planted nearly 62 million trees.

To ensure the success of the project, Lazarus Chakwera called on all districts, villages, communities, institutions and schools to plant more trees in Malawi. The country is losing its forest cover at an alarming rate of about 32,000 hectares each year. The trees cut down are most often used as firewood, for charcoal – 90 percent of Malawians use them for cooking – and for building poles. Some of these trees are also used in the medical or culinary sector. Other causes of deforestation in Malawi are agricultural expansion and bush fires.

The planting of 60 million trees in Malawi will enable the government to take a giant step towards its goal of restoring 4.5 million hectares of degraded land by 2030. To date, only 1.3 million hectares have been restored in this East African country.

The Malawian authorities are also developing the Malawi Watershed Services Improvement Project (MWASIP). It aims to adopt sustainable landscape management practices in priority watersheds and improve rural livelihoods. The MWASIP project, funded by the World Bank, will also build institutional capacity in watershed management to support interventions beyond this one initiative.

Inès Magoum

Mr. LIMBANI (Malawi) said : “I was wondering how we can make avocado seeds grow into seedlings”.

I described already a simple method for our Facebook-group on container gardening : https://www.facebook.com/groups/221343224576801/permalink/3658257927551963

Germinating an avocado seed the easy way : Some members complained about difficulties to get avocado seeds germinating. Here is my simple method that is leading always to success“.

Photos WVC P1020880/966 – Zaffelare, Belgium

Get a peeled avocado seed (dark seed coat taken off), a transparent yoghurt pot with its lid and the bottom part of a second yoghurt pot filled with moistened soil : Photo WVC P1120880

And now we can plant our avocado tree in the garden, water it regularly and get it flowering and fruiting after a couple of years.

Yes, anyone can grow avocados in the right climate zone. It suffices to get some avocado seeds growing in a couple of yoghurt pots. A simple as that !

The 5 Best Vegetables That Can Grow Anywhere, Even Without A Garden


Jill Sandy – Published: December 9, 2020

Having a big garden is always the best way to enjoy your homegrown vegetables for both leisure and safety reasons. Unfortunately, not everyone has that luxury. If you live in an apartment or condo, don’t let this stand in the way between you and your desire of having fresh vegetables within your hand’s reach. Surprisingly, most of them can grow in a heavily confined space like a pot or a basket, as long as you know the right way.

If you are a complete novice at container gardening, here are the best vegetables and herbs to grow anywhere even without a garden, and how to grow them correctly.https://c3cbb8f31ac6bb05fe031c91a8098396.safeframe.googlesyndication.com/safeframe/1-0-37/html/container.html

Getty Images/Westend61

1. Lettuce

Growing salad greens like lettuce in containers won’t take you much time, making it a perfect solution when you want to add a quick greenish look and some nutritious benefits into your dishes for the beloved ones.

Lettuce doesn’t require much sunlight compared to other vegetables; it can grow perfectly fine in the shade, unlike plants grown for fruit. In fact, it can be even better for lettuce if you keep it under some shade. By doing so, you can keep the fresh leaves cool, hence prolong the harvest throughout the season.

You can easily transplant or sow the lettuce in containers, giving you total control over pests and weeds compared to vast gardening space. While you can prepare your small garden for an early, productive lettuce crop in the spring, it is actually better known as a fall crop.

This vegetable thrives the most when the temperature falls between 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Here is a tip: if you find some lettuce a bit bitter, there is a high chance those leaves were grown in high temperatures as lettuce grown in cool weather would taste the sweetest.

Water is another thing you should always keep an eye on when growing lettuce without plenty of space. Due to the shallow roots, it only flourishes with consistent and shallow watering.

Getty Images/Cavan Images RF

2. Tomatoes

If we have a survey for the most loved vegetables and herbs, tomatoes will never fall out of the top positions. As one of the most popular vegetables, you can grow tomato plants pretty much anywhere, even without a garden.

A container in your backyard or a basket hanging on your balcony are both great options for tomatoes, as long as they can get a lot of direct sunlight and support for their stalks.

While growing them is a breeze, keeping tomatoes healthy is another story. Fungal diseases are these sappy fruits’ worst enemy, especially when the weather becomes hot and humid.

But you can try smaller (and most importantly, hardier) tomato varieties, such as pear, grape, and cherry tomatoes. They generally have greater resistance to blights and other diseases. You can stake, hang, or sprawl them in containers or baskets. It’s hard to think of a wrong way to grow those low-maintenance plants.

With that being said, we don’t mean you can plant them in a random place and expect a bunch of fresh, ripe tomatoes later. The real secret for growing them without a garden is to find the biggest container and set up some cages for the plants to lend on. Only by doing so, the tomatoes won’t bend and break the vines due to their fruits’ heavyweight.

Getty Images

3. Carrots

Carrots are a great choice for both experienced gardeners and beginners who are cramped in space. They might not be the first type of vegetables that pops up in your mind when it comes to container gardening. But you are not the one only caught by surprise with how effective this method is with carrots.

Good soil, of course, makes all vegetables develop better, but beware, carrots are one of those crops that are extremely sensitive to it. As a root vegetable, carrots don’t grow well in stony or heavy clay soils.

If you want carrots with the sweetest flavor and the best appearance, you’d better have friable and well-drained soil with a neutral level of alkaline. That’s why grow bags are an excellent environment for growing carrots when you don’t have space for a real garden.
As long as you can squeeze some bags or containers on your rooftop, patio, or balcony, where they can receive a lot of direct suns, carrots will grow better than you might think. On top of that, container gardening also means you can put many common problems like garden weeds and pests behind.

From animated movies and TV series, we are familiar with the classic cone-shaped, perfectly orange carrots for bunnies. But they actually exist in plenty of forms and sizes. Growing carrots at home is a great opportunity to encounter uncanny carrots of strange (and cute most of the time) shapes and appearances.

Getty Images/Maskot

4. Green Beans

From whole beans to string beans, all kinds of green beans work great without a full-sized garden. You can choose one variety from hundreds of options to grow on your rooftop and patio.
Hearing the sound when you snap and harvest them is also satisfying and entertaining, an effective way to unwind after a busy and stressful day at work. But before you run out and buy a bag of seeds, you must be aware of green bean types and their growth habits first.

Here’s the thing: People often put green beans into 2 categories, bush beans and pole beans. Bush beans are shorter and don’t need any kind of support to stand. They also mature quickly and grow well in a limited space like containers. On the other hand, pole beans typically climb up poles (hence the name), fences, teepees, and trellises. Pole beans can definitely live on the ground, but it’ll be a mistake if you let them there.

Without a doubt, this rather abrasive plant will sprawl all over the place, and your garden will quickly become a messy, tangled jungle. This is not optimal to grow vegetables like pole beans, and certainly not fun when the harvest time comes.

Getty Images/iStockphoto

5. Garlic

The final place on this list belongs to the only herb candidate, garlic, and it has more differences than just the name. Since garlic requires regular watering and has a longer season, growing it in a container at home is trickier than the previous vegetables.
This cousin of onion is usually grown as an annual crop with some key requirements for day length and temperatures. So there is no doubt that growing garlic indoors is much harder, even though you can easily do it on a deck or a patio.

Don’t let this challenge discourage you. Any gardener that has managed to do so will tell you that it was worth all the effort. Not only does homegrown garlic keep vampires out the door (it was a joke, or not), but it also elevates the taste of your food with its pungent aroma – something store-bought garlic cannot compete. Just remember that since garlic has shallow roots, it needs a lot of room to spread. It would help if you have a deep pot with plenty of drain holes at the bottom. Wooden barrel halves or crates still work, but black plastic pots and buckets are the ideal choices since they are frost-proof and don’t crack during the winter.

You can enjoy your homegrown vegetables and herbs even if you live in an urban area or a small apartment. Container gardening is a perfect fix for this issue. Additionally, a patio or a balcony is an ideal starting place for beginners to learn some basic gardening techniques before you can think about a full garden.

Read More: 5 Best Vegetables And Herbs You Can Grow Without a Garden | https://thebeet.com/the-5-best-vegetables-that-can-grow-anywhere-even-without-a-garden/?utm_source=tsmclip&utm_medium=referral

A cheap way of growing vegetables in bags or sacks


A message from City Gardening for All : To motivate to convert a tidy unproductive & energy intensive lawn into natural, wild, energy efficient, economical, productive, and diverse food garden to enjoy a stress free and blissful experience.


Set up for growing vegetables cheaply….In Gardening one can explore many creative options ranging from growing a variety of plants , using different growing mediums, methods of growing and variety of container /pot options. This particular setup made using a gunny bag or sack is a dirt cheap way of growing vegetable plants. The temporary nature of these sacks is suitable for growing seasonal plants. These may last for one or two season where after the soil may be recharged by mixing with some more kitchen compost for using it in another bag. Almost all the vegetables can be grown in it including tomatoes, spinach, leafy vegetables, cabbages, all gourds, brinjals, chillies, corns etc. The setting up of these bags and making the potting mix is captured in this video.

It is hopeful that the medium of expression in video being vernacular should not deter from conveying the information.


Different food crops in container : Go for it !

A message from Rajprasanna Rajalingam(Badulla Rajprasanna) – Sri Lanka –


Vegetable Container Gardening for Beginners

Written by Kerry Michaels

Reviewed by Julie Thompson-Adolfhttps://www.thespruce.com/vegetable-container-gardening-for-beginners-848161

Growing your own food can bring you both joy and bounty. There’s a simple pleasure in biting into a tomato still warm from the sun—picked and eaten on the spot. You can grow just about any vegetable in a container, a practice that can save you lots of money buying produce at the grocery store. However, vegetable container gardening can be a frustrating endeavor if your plants don’t thrive and produce. The following tips apply to most vegetables and can help you and your plants get off to a good start.10 Container Garden Tips for Beginners

Providing the Right Light and Temperature

Most fruiting vegetables, like tomatoes and peppers, need full sun, meaning at least six hours of direct sunlight each day. But some gardeners might overestimate how much sun an area really gets. For your veggies to thrive, you’ll need an accurate assessment. Check the location every 30 minutes throughout the day to confirm how long the sun directly hits the spot where you want to put your vegetable container garden. You can also use a sun calculator to get an accurate assessment.

If you live in a hot climate, you might need to shade your plants during the heat of the afternoon, so they don’t overheat. Also, it’s best not to use metal or dark-colored containers because they can become very hot and cook your plant’s roots.

On the flip side, many vegetables don’t like cold soil. So if you live in a cool climate, avoid putting your containers outside full time until you know the temperature will be reliably warm. For many plants, the soil needs to be at least 60 degrees Fahrenheit. You can use a thermometer to find out the temperature of your soil. In addition, always make sure to harden off your seedlings (gradually acclimate them to the outdoor conditions) before you put them outside permanently.1

Watering Your Container Garden

Many vegetable plants, such as tomatoes, need lots of water. However, you don’t want to drown your plants. The goal is to keep the soil evenly moist but not soaking wet.

To figure out whether your plants need water, stick your finger down into the soil about an inch. If the soil feels dry, add water; if you’re not sure, wait and check later in the day. At the height of summer, you’ll probably need to water at least once or sometimes twice a day. This is often the most high-maintenance and critical aspect of vegetable container gardening.

Using Quality Potting Soil

High-quality potting soil is important for vegetables. Don’t use soil from your garden, because it will compact in the containers and won’t drain water properly. Also, one of the reasons to garden in containers is largely to avoid dealing with weeds and soil-borne diseases. But if you use garden soil, you might be importing problems into your containers.

potting soil
 The Spruce / K. Dave 

Feeding Your Plants

Plants need nutrition to thrive, and their food is fertilizer.2 If your soil doesn’t have fertilizer already mixed in, add some several times throughout the growing season, according to the directions on the label. Many gardeners mix organic, granular fertilizer into the containers before planting. Then, every couple of weeks, add diluted liquid fish emulsion or liquid seaweed to give the plants the nutrition they need. Another way to add nutrients is to make or buy compost, which helps feed the plants.

Creating Optimal Drainage

Drainage is key to keep plants from drowning. Your container should let excess water out of the bottom, so your plants won’t sit in overly soggy soil and succumb to root rot. There should be one large hole or several smaller holes located at the base of your container.

You can usually drill holes in the pot if the drainage is insufficient, and you can cover a large hole before adding soil with a coffee filter or plastic screening to keep the dirt from coming out the bottom. If your container sits on a hard surface, the hole might plug up. Elevating your container with pot feet or a pot cart will help your plants drain with ease.

pots with drainage
 The Spruce / K. Dave 

Selecting the Perfect Container

Choosing a container can be daunting. You can use almost anything for a garden planter as long as it’s big enough, has good drainage, and is made of food-safe material. But keep in mind that the larger your container is, the easier it will be to maintain. The more soil a container can hold, the more moisture it will retain. In general, don’t bother with containers that are smaller than 12 inches across. Bigger really is better when it comes to growing vegetables in containers.

Wooden Containers

Wooden containers look lovely when growing vegetables, and you can typically find optimal-size containers that aren’t too expensive. Or you can make your own wooden planter box. Just remember that after a few seasons, wooden containers may begin to rot.

Self-watering Containers

Growing vegetables in self-watering containers works well, too.3 They are large, easy to use, and incredibly durable. And they make watering plants a cinch because all you have to do is keep the water reservoir full.

Ceramic Containers

You also can use food-grade plastic or glazed ceramic containers. You can even use terra cotta pots, but it’s harder to keep your plants moist in them, because the clay allows the water to evaporate out of the soil more easily. To help solve this problem, you can line a terra cotta pot with plastic, use a plastic pot as a liner, or seal the pot with a stone sealing product. Remember, though, that because ceramic and terra cotta pots draw moisture into their materials, they can shatter if left outside in freezing weather. Make sure to store them inside during the winter.

DIY Containers

For an inexpensive container, use a 5-gallon plastic bucket from the hardware store and drill holes in the bottom. Another alternative is to make an unusual container from something you have around your house, such as an old laundry basket or toy bin. As long as it’s big enough and has good drainage, you can really use anything.

Choosing Seeds or Seedlings

You can start your veggies from seed or buy seedlings. There are some significant advantages and disadvantages to each. Planting your own seeds is much less expensive than buying seedlings. Plus, you can organically grow hard-to-find varieties.

However, starting seeds isn’t for everyone. They need 12 to 16 hours of light per day and good air circulation to grow up strong. Plus, you absolutely cannot let the seeds dry out, or they’re toast. Conversely, if you give them too much water, they’ll keel over dead. To avoid this, you can make a self-watering seed starter.

seeds for vegetable container planting
 The Spruce / K. Dave

Vegetables for Container Gardens

When choosing vegetables to plant in containers, look for bush or small varieties (often referred to as dwarf or compact), and ensure that your climate has enough growing days for the required time to mature.

Plants that typically grow well in containers include:

  • PeasPut tall supports in the container when planting seedlings. Water frequently, and keep them fertilized.
  • Potatoes: Some potatoes need a 120-day growing season, so look for varieties that mature early.
  • TomatoesLike peas, tomatoes need a support system. Use a rod or tomato cage to keep your plants upright.
  • Carrots: Use a container that’s double the depth your variety will grow.
  • Radishes: Containers don’t have to be that large for this spring and fall vegetable.
  • Eggplant: When planning which variety to buy, know that many eggplants are fairly sensitive to cool temperatures (lower than 50 degrees Fahrenheit).
  • Summer or zucchini squash and cucumbersChoose bush varieties rather than the sprawling vine varieties. One plant can fill a 24-inch pot quickly, so don’t crowd your seeds or seedlings. A trellis in the pot will supply support for the fruit and allow air to flow around the plant.
  • Leafy greens: Spinach and leaf lettuce are among the many greens that you can snip to eat one day and then snip again a few days later. Grow the cool-season crops in spring or fall. They also tolerate partial shade.
  • Peppers: Try traditional bell peppers, or spice it up with hot peppers that are perfect for homemade salsa.

Plants that don’t usually work well in containers include:

  • Large melons
  • Corn
  • Large pumpkins or squash


by Natasha Footehttps://gardenerspath.com/plants/vegetables/best-container/

Growing up with a little garden, producing plants in pots was my first taste of growing my own food. From the chives in the big garden pots, to the little pots of mint and coriander sitting on the kitchen windowsill, these experiences were the first to pique my interest in gardening.

And for more vegetable growing ideas, take a look at some of our other guides such as:

An excellent and simple way to get fresh, nutritious and tasty salad greens in a jar

Growing beansprouts – by Mark Ridsdill Smith

Beansprouts are one of the easiest and quickest things to grow, usually ready in just a few days. They make an excellent and simple way to have fresh, nutritious and tasty salad greens throughout winter.

To grow your own, all you need is a good sized large jamjar (as good as, if not better than most sprouting ‘kits’) and a supply of seeds. You’ll find step by step instructions on the Vertical Veg website here.

6 easy steps to sprout heaven

Mark Ridsdill Smith – https://verticalveg.org.uk/6-easy-steps-to-sprout-heaven/?vgo_ee=T7hcywqcEw%2BNjZO%2BxisLX99e6qTz7D6fS5mHcDEqtrE%3D

You can make your own sprout maker from a glass jar in just a few minutes.

Find out how to sprout. All you need is an old jam-jar and some seeds (like lentil, pea or chickpea) that you can buy from any supermarket. It’s super easy.

Sprouts grow well all year round – and are the perfect thing for midwinter when few others things can be sown.

A mix of rose radish, chickpea, pea, mung bean and lentil sprouts

Why sprout?

Sprouts can be grown at any time of year in even the smallest home, and on the smallest budget.  What’s more they’re packed with vitamins and nutrients, good for your health and fighting off those pesky winter colds.

A huge variety of seeds can easily be grown to eat as sprouts including radish, pea, chick pea, mung beans, alfalfa, fenugreek, sunflower, lentil, and broccoli. Each has its own unique flavour.

Add them to sandwiches, salads, soups and stir fries or eat them on their own.  It’s fun to experiment.

Fantastic value

You don’t need to buy the small, pricey packets of sprouting seeds either. Many dried pulses like mung beans, lentils or chick peas from the supermarket or health food shop will sprout just as well at a fraction of the cost. If buying sprouting seeds online, look out for the larger (500g) packs as they are often much better value.

How to make your own sprouter

Sprouters are readily available to buy or its super easy to make your own. In my experience, a DIY jam-jar sprouter is actually easier to use and gives better results than many commercial sprouters. Make your own sprouter in two simple steps:

1. Find a decent sized glass jar, preferably with a lid.

2. Drill small holes in the lid – 3mm is fine  or punch them with a hammer and nail. If you prefer, you can dispense with the lid altogether and simply drain the water off through your fingers.

Drill approx 3mm (1/12th inch) holes in the lid. In this one I also drilled a couple of large holes (5mm) to drain the water faster – hold the larger holes at the top so that the smaller sprouts do not fall out of them.

That’s it. Your sprouter is finished and ready to go. Now here is how to use it…

How to grow sprouts

1. Put some seeds in the bottom of the jar and cover with water to soak for twelve hours. You can add just one type of seed or a mix of varieties, it’s fun to experiment. The seeds will expand a lot as they grow. Half to one inch (1cm – 2cm) of dried seeds will usually fill a jar. It varies between seeds – radish expand more than sunflowers, for example – you’ll quickly learn.

2. After twelve hours rinse the seeds in water. Ideally the water should be at room temperature – not too cold and not too hot. Then drain the water out of the holes in the lid, leaving the seeds damp but not swimming in water.

Rinse the sprouts in water and drain. Try to avoid rinsing them in very cold water as this can slow the sprouting process.

3. Repeat the rinsing process at least once every 12 hours until the sprouts are ready – usually about 2 to 4 days.

After three days, these sprouts are nearly ready to eat. As you can see they’re already trying to escape from the jar – so I probably put a few too many seeds in this jar in the first place.

4. Eat the sprouts straight away. Or transfer them to a plastic bag in the fridge where they keep well for several days (my family has happily eaten them at least a week later).

How do you like ’em?

If you grow or buy sprouts, I’ll be fascinated to hear how you like to eat ’em in the comments below – which varieties do you like best and what’s the tastiest ways to eat them?


If you enjoy sprouting, why not try growing peashoots and other microgreens? They are easy to grow, delicious and nutritious. Here’s how to grow peashoots. 

Health warning

In the main, sprouts are a super healthy food, and make an excellent addition to most balanced diets. However, please be aware that, like some other foods (oysters, eggs for example), sprouts can occasionally carry Ecoli and Salmonella food poisoning (inside the seeds). The chances of buying contaminated seed is very low. However small, you should be aware there is a risk, particularly if you do not enjoy strong health.

Why would you buy seeds ? Make Your Own Origami Seed Packet

by Crickethttps://gardenvariety.life/origami-seed-packet/

In my last post about Making Your Own Seed Binder, I mentioned that I use origami seed packets made from recycled paper. I thought I would show you how easy they are to make, and I think they are pretty darn cute too.


First, you need some paper. I like to use old seed catalogs or paper bags.

Step 1


Use some trial and error to decide what size template you need. I used a 6.25 x 6.25 inch square for the top load business card pages. Once you have the size down you can use a box cutter and ruler to cut a whole stack at once.

Step 2

Fold into a triangle

Step 3

Fold one point of the triangle until the top edge is parallel with the bottom fold.

Step 4

Fold the other point over the top to that its top edge is also parallel with the bottom fold.

Step 5

Now you can fold the top down like an envelope.

Step 6

Place your seeds inside the opening made behind the fold.

Step 7

Open the front triangle fold.

Step 8

Fit the folded top into that opening.

Step 9


Don’t forget to label what is in the packet. I use a Sharpie marker.

Now go save some seeds and put them in a pretty little origami seed packet in your Seed Binder.

Tip: You can also use plain paper and have your child draw on it and then place their tooth in for the Tooth Fairy. It won’t get lost and it’s easy for the Tooth Fairy to grab under their pillow. 

Why would every family in Malawi not have a container herb garden in the kitchen ?

Victory Garden: Grow your own Bay Area herb gardenhttps://www.mercurynews.com/2020/11/24/victory-garden-grow-your-own-bay-area-herb-garden/?fbclid=IwAR18tRfJcW7F3t_cfKHeUWErBnJDLRYFhffZpQYZmBYCYk3yIrMVZywSRvU

Growing an herb garden is not just beautiful, it’s delicious, too. (Getty Images)

Do people in Malawi eat Swiss Chard ?

A message from Liz Law – Burnaby, British Columbia


Innovative Austin company plants seeds of change with vegetable gardens. Can this be done in Malawi ?

By Melissa Gaskillhttps://austin.culturemap.com/news/restaurants-bars/11-30-20-black-lives-veggies-food-gardens-to-austin-consultation-plant-wheatsville-dias-market/#slide=0

Larry Franklin and Fredrick Douglas want to help more people in Austin eat a healthy diet. They also hope their six-month-old company, Black Lives Veggies, makes the local food system more diverse by providing people of color with education about agriculture and entrepreneurship, along with the materials to start their own vegetable gardens.

“We want everyone to be healthy, but more than that, we want opportunities for the disenfranchised,” says Franklin. “It’s about plants, but also entrepreneurship and social justice. When you listen to the news, you hear politicians talk about the healthcare gap, the wealth gap, the literacy gap. At the base of that is the need for people of color to take ownership over their health and their money.”  

The company’s services include delivering a variety of seasonal vegetable plants, consultation with people about how to grow a garden where they live, and even putting in plants for customers.

Black Lives Veggies operates out of a greenhouse in East Austin where Franklin and Douglas grow all their plants from seeds in soil they mix themselves. The two currently manage all operations, with help from friends and the volunteer days they host on Saturdays.

“We aren’t professional gardeners, we’re learning as we go,” Douglas says. “It takes a while to grow some kinds of veggies, depending on time of year and other factors.”

They plan to start producing a newsletter to update people about the types of plants available and announce events such as volunteer days, and a podcast as a place to have conversations with people about their gardening experiences.

“We want people to come out and have a conversation — that is big part of why we do what we do,” Franklin says. Ultimately, the pair says they want to help people create gardens to grow food to eat and to sell.

“We want to incentivize people to live better and eat better,” Franklin says. “All you need is some land or containers. The thing is, it doesn’t require much space at all to grow enough food to feed a small family.”

For example, four tomato plants feed a family of four for the entire season. Those with small yards or no yard can grow vegetables in a container garden (download a free guide to container gardening from AgriLife Extension Service.) Tomatoes, peppers, eggplant, green onions, beans, lettuce, squash, radishes, and parsley are just some of the vegetables suitable for container gardens.

B.L.V. offers start-up kits that include a flat of 20 small seedlings along with information on when to plant, how to care for the plants, and when and how to harvest. Eventually, the entrepreneurs want to see their model replicated elsewhere, and envision hubs in communities across the country producing veggies that growers can share with each other and their neighbors, which would help reduce dependency on mass supermarkets and allow consumers to know the source of their food. 

For now, the focus is on Austin, which Douglas points out is one of the most economically segregated cities in the country. “There’s a need to be met,” he says.

BLV also sells vegetable plants at Dia’s Market on Justin Lane and on weekends at Wheatsville Food Co-op. Current offerings include spinach, broccoli, and lettuces.

Nice coriander and peas in our container kitchen garden

A message from Gaurav Gupta

Art master at Sainik School Nalanda and Photographer at Safe Society

Studied at College of Art, New Delhi

Coriander – https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=4828583370517426&set=pcb.3986698184707934
Coriander – https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=4828583187184111&set=pcb.3986698184707934
Peas – https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=4828583540517409&set=pcb.3986698184707934
Peas – https://www.facebook.com/photo?fbid=4828583847184045&set=pcb.3986698184707934

We all like strawberries. Grow them in containers.

Growing Strawberries in containers | Soil preparation and plant care

A message from Smitha V – https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=c_maIuUehVM&feature=youtu.be&fbclid=IwAR1sjpiJzj-6p7Qgbihyyh32BF9lyhO2GKLxYGkIQSlaB6YDOk4tSlUKfLg

Strawberry is a delicious fruit that can easily be grown in containers with a little extra care. In this video, I’m sharing soil preparation method and care tips to grow strawberry plants at home

Food crops at home and at school

Cabbages, bok choi and kale, some of the winter crops in containers. An easy method to grow food in any climate zone.

A message from Liz Law – Burnaby, British Columbia


Growing vegetables in styrofoam boxes

Can’t you do it to provide fresh food for your family ?

Can’t the schools do this ?

A message from Hưng TạHo Chi Minh City, Vietnam


How To Harvest Spinach Crop! So It Keeps Growing- Exclusive [15 Ways]

Spinach is a green leafy vegetable, which is rich in iron and vitamins. Planting spinach needs lots of efforts. Is spinach easy to grow? The answer is undoubtedly no. Do you want to grow spinach?

Published by Bhawana on December 1, 2020 – https://gardeninglovy.com/how-to-harvest-spinach/?fbclid=IwAR3ln1OcZmKU5yh2gb4mDtzNjjvVT3YdcOgIf-ULaO40gJc9gnbQ-sXaH1U

If you are saying yes, then follow the article. Well, in this manuscript, we will discuss everything related to harvesting spinach.

We also see the most common question of how long does it take spinach to grow? So, follow the steps and procedures as we are going to share spinach growing tips.

  • how to harvest spinach without killing the plant
  • how to grow spinach in pots
  • how to harvest spinach seeds
  • What is spinach bolting
  • how to harvest lettuce
  • how to harvest and store spinach
  • can you grow spinach from a leaf
  • will spinach grow back after cutting

Contents [hide]

How Do You The Spinach Be Ready To Be Picked?

Spinach is a vegetable, which grows very fast. In some of the areas, you will see multiple crops growing in the same season.

  • The harvesting time of the spinach is essential. If you don’t pick out the plants in actual time, then it might get bitter.
  • Then all of your accomplishments will be in vain. If you are looking for the answer, how long does it take to grow spinach, then follow step by step?
  • Most varieties of spinach mature in 37-45 days. As soon as the spinach turns into a rosette with three or four leaves.
  • It would help if you realized that it is time to pick out the spinach. It would help if you noticed that the leaves are getting yellow.
  • Otherwise, the taste might turn bitter. So, follow the process, and you will know the answer to when to pick spinach?

Will Spinach Grow Back After Cutting?

Yes, the spinach can grow after being cut. If the spinach plant’s growing point is not damaged and the climate is still cold and moisture.

How To Harvest Spinach
How To Harvest Spinach

Then there is a probability of spinach to grow back. Planting spinach enhances the possibilities of spinach growing multiple times.

Spinach regenerates the leaves from the initial point. It is the plant’s crown where the stem and root system of the spinach plant mixes at the soil’s surface.

Also read below tips for plants growth

You must be reckoning about how to harvest spinach. So, to gather a spinach plant, take a pair of scissors and cut the spinach leaves within two inches from the ground.

You should remain careful not to cut the growing point; otherwise, if the growing point of the plant gets damaged, you will not regrow your crops.

How To Harvest Spinach Without Harming the Plant?

We have already said that harvesting spinach is a difficult task. It is often noticed that when you harvest spinach, the plant gets killed.

So, follow the steps of gathering the spinach without killing the plant. Follow the spinach growing stages properly so that the plant might not get damaged.

  • When you see that the leaves had grown fully, it is time to take out the leaves.
  • You need to pick out the leaves carefully and cut the outer leaves.
  • Take garden scissors and cut it carefully so that the initial point might not get damaged. If somehow it gets damaged, then you can’t harvest the spinach seeds again.
  • The inner leaves will continue to grow. It will extend to the harvesting period. It will help your spinach plant to produce more leaves.
  • It would also help if you also took supervision of the size of the leaves. If you let the leaves grow large, that doesn’t mean that you will keep it ongoing.
  • If you don’t pick the leaves on time, it will mature more, and bitterness will spread the leaves.
  • Finally, it would help if you kept a watchful eye, that the leaves reach their required size and then and there you will start picking it.

How Often Does Spinach Need To Be Watered?

Spinach needs constant irrigation. Spinach grows well in moist soil. So you need to provide water to it every day. The rain helps in irrigation.

How To Harvest Spinach
How To Harvest Spinach

If you do not get enough rainwater, then you have to produce the irrigation facility manually. If you fail to provide enough irrigation, then it might start bolting.

All your efforts will be wasted. The leaves of the plant will begin to develop seeds and flowers, and the flavor will become bitter. So, keep the soil moist by irrigating it. It is an affordable way to improve harvesting.

Spinach plants require at least one or half inches of rain or irrigation every week. So, you got your answer of how do you harvest spinach.

Let us inform you that growing spinach in summer is not possible. So, try to avoid harvesting spinach in the dry season.

The leaves will not remain healthy. The Spinach season is the winter and moist one. Don’t harvest it during the summer season.

How To Harvest Malabar Spinach?

Malabar spinach is effortless to harvest.

  • Take out the leaves and tender new stems of 6-9 inches long.
  • Cut the leaves with the help of garden scissors or a knife.
  • Malabar spinach did not harm the plant in any way. It is an aggressive pruning.
  • You can take out the Malabar spinach as long as the plant is giving you new shoots.
  • The best part is that the leaves or shoots from the Malabar spinach can be eaten raw or cooked. It didn’t turn bitter, unlike the spinach one.

How To Harvest Spinach Seeds?

Harvesting spinach seeds are a complicated process. You have to fulfill the same procedure to harvest Spinach seeds.

  • Keep the Spinach seeds to develop and grow.
  • After that, you will notice that the leaves are coming out from the seeds. The healthy seeds bear at least ten to twelve leaves.
  • After that, cut the leaves and take out before it starts bolting.
  • If it bolts, then you know that it will turn bitter.
  • So, slowly take out the leaves and let the seeds to germinate once again.
  • You have to be careful whether the leaves are growing or not. Try to take out the leaves before it became too large.

How To Store Spinach For Longer Use?

Here we are going to share some advice by which you can store spinach for more prolonged use:

How To Harvest Spinach
How To Harvest Spinach
  • Keep the spinach in dry clothes. Wrap it and avoid any moisture. Never purchase moisture spinach; it might rot.
  • Keep the spinach in a dry container. Never put it in any wet polythene; within two days, it will dry. When you will purchase the spinach, then ensure whether it is dry or not. You can understand the quality of the seeds by touching it, whether it is sifted or wet.
  • Fresh spinach does not possess many nutrients and minerals. So, the best thing would be to keep it for a few days. You should remember that canned and frozen spinach contains many nutrients.

Can You Harvest Spinach After It Bolts?

  • Bolting means that your spinach plant is in the stage of reproduction. It will bear seeds and flowers.
  • Whenever you notice that your plant is in the bolting stage, then remove the crop at once.
  • You can plant a different crop because the harvesting time is there. So, don’t waste it.
  • Don’t save any seed from the previous one; it might tend to bolt. So, remove all the crops and then start harvesting new crops.

How To Differentiate Between Spinach And Baby Spinach?

Many folks frequently get perplexed with the term baby spinach. Many people have the assumption that both of these are the same.

Let us illustrate to you that these are not similar. The term baby spinach implies that it is taken out at a much earlier stage.

  • Baby spinach is taken out much before the spinach germination time. Researchers concluded that spinach and baby spinach differs in terms of nutrients value.
  • It is researched and concluded that baby spinach contains many more nutrients than mature spinach. It has vitamin C and carotenoids. Baby spinach is best for pregnant ladies.
  • The mature spinach is also rich in minerals like iron and calcium. Research has also said that baby spinach had lower levels of oxalic acids.
  • Yet, other researchers had a different opinion. They think that spinach has a higher level of acid.
  • However, we can conclude that there are no side effects of having mature spinach and baby spinach. Spinach leaf is rich in minerals.

How To Harvest Lettuce?

  • Lettuce can be grown in the same as you are growing spinach and kale. You should plant the seed of the tree in wet soil with sufficient rainfall.
  • Take out the leaves before it becomes too long; otherwise, the lettuce will turn bitter.

How To Grow Spinach?

Spinach crops grow well in neutral or alkaline soil. If you see that your garden soil is acidic and sandy.

Then has a soil test with lime recommendations. It will help you to grow your spinach plant smoothly.

  • Spinach crop is a heavy feeder, so add 2-4 pounds of fertilizer to the soil per 100 square feet during planting the spinach.
  • After that, the side dresses the growing spinach every 14-15 days. It would be reasonable if you let the plants grow vigorously.
  • You have to be careful in keeping the fertilizer 4-6 inches from the ground of the spinach plants. So, it might not get burned or damaged.
  • You should not mix much compost in the garden soil. Mix the compost of three to five inches in a row before planting the spinach plant. Use the raw materials to get the best result.
  • Spinach grows well in the winter season. Growing spinach in winter is the ideal way. The temperature should not be above 15-degree centigrade. Plant the seeds a distance of an inch from each other.
  • The soil will moist, and after germination of the seeds, thin them three to five apart from each other.
  • Thinning the spinach plant, as it plays a vital role in spinach growing.
  • The critical question that comes to our mind is how much sun does spinach need? Many gardeners use less sunlight. However, during the wintertime, the sunlight remains faded. Does spinach need full sun? The answer is no. So, you should provide less sunlight; otherwise, the crops can damage.

How To Harvest Kale?

Kale is a vegetable that is effortless to harvest. You have to know the right process and methods; then, you can gather it without any difficulty.

  • Kale is best to pick up after two months or 60 days after planting seeds. If the plant and soil are healthy, you will see that the leaves are coming to the center, especially the shorter leaves.
  • The baby kale comes out at 25-28 days.
  • The harvesting time of the Kale is generally in late spring or the early summer. It does not grow well in the monsoon season. It will grow again in autumn.
  • When the leaves turn green and grow at least a specific size, then pick it up. Do not pick the leaves when it is small; it might damage the entire plant.
  • If the leaves become old and turn to be yellowish, they will start falling automatically from the plant. Take a scissor and remove all those leaves from the plant.
  • In the case of mature leaves, take the older leaf’s stem, then pull down the main stalk away from the center until it breaks.
  • Repeat the procedure again and again and start picking all the green plants of the mature Kale.

Why Are My Spinach Leaves Pointed?

Sometimes, the spinach leaves seem to be pointed. If you notice that your spinach leaves turn into pointed one from the fleshy and oval.

Then you should know that the spinach is in the stage of bolting. The actual meaning of bolting is that the spinach leaves are going to produce seeds and flowers.

Another meaning of the pointed spinach leaves is that they are turning bitter. At the stages of spinach growth, the sesquiterpene machines enhance. It is the final and reproductive stage of spinach leaves.


Spinach is an edible plant. If we know the detailed process of spinach growth stages, then we can harvest spinach leaves as much as we can.

In this manuscript, we have given all the details of how to plant spinach. We have also discussed when to grow spinach.

Hopefully, you have found this article a helpful one on How To Harvest Spinach. So, start planting spinach in your spinach garden.

Those who like spinach, also want to have kale and lettuce. By following these tips you can harvest kale and lettuce in the same way spinach can be harvested.

It is the entire process of how to grow spinach and when to plant spinach. Feel free to let us know in the comment below if you have any questions.

Grow Bag Farming for House Terrace Garden


Nowadays people resort to growing vegetables and plants on the house terrace due to land for cultivation is shrinking drastically especially in urban areas. Primary reasons grow bag farming on terrace garden helps to produce safe food in the limited space available, as a hobby, as a panacea to reduce tension in the busy urban life, etc.

Advantage of grow bags over plastic sacks

  • Plastic sacks can be used for terrace gardens but the use of specially designed plastic grow bags (ROCHFERN grow bags) has its advantage.
  • An ideal grow bag for vegetables should have white outside and black inside. White outside will reflect sunlight and dark inside will prevent light into the rooting zone and create a subsurface condition that is ideal for root development.
  • All vegetable plants have a thin roots system that will like to have a darker atmosphere, as exposure sunlight or heating of media will affect the health of the root system and thereby the growth of the plant.
  • Grow bags come with perforation for drainage and it has elegant look compare to old plastic sacks.
  • Grow bags of 150 microns and above thickness made out of virgin material can be reused for up to three years.

Vegetable cultivation in grow bags

  • Fill grow bags with a potting mixture which is prepared by mixing soil, sand, and cow dung/ compost in the ratio 2:1:1 incorporated. It can be filled up to 75% to 90% of the volume of the grow bag.
  • The ratio of the potting mixture can be changed, above is the most commonly recommend mix ratio.
  • The bags are to be arranged in a line on the terrace ensuring wall underneath the grow bags are to be placed on bricks placed in triangular format or grow bag trays specially designed for this.
  • Sunlight loving bushy crops are preferred to shade-loving and  trailing crops
  • Sowing or transplanting up to two plants per grow bag is advantageous but you can have more plants in the case of green leaf vegetables.

Watering of plants in grow bags  

It is to be done once or twice in a day depending on climate. You can use a rose can or pipe connected to the domestic water tank line can be used but the installation of a drip irrigation system is preferred due to the following reasons. If you use rose cans to pour water to grow bag there is a chance for splash erosion of media from the bag. Daily watering of grow bags is a time-consuming process if you manage more than ten bags, it makes grow bag farming a difficult task.

Advantage of drip irrigation

It saves time, you just turn on the tape, do your household work or do your hobby after fixed time you can turn off or you can automate with an electronic timer switch which makes your terrace garden much smarter.

Plant care

Top dress with organic manure at a weekly interval. Daily observation and mechanical methods are to be followed for pest control. Organic pesticides are to be preferred if situation demand use chemical pesticide following the principals of good agriculture practice (GAP). You have to spend at least one hour per week closely with plants tending them it will guarantee proper yield. After each crop, it is better to change the position of bricks and bags a little so that easy cleaning of the terrace is possible and permanent wetting of any portion of the terrace is avoided.

Good vegetables for grow bags

Chilli, Aubergine(Brinjal), Tomato, Bell pepper, Bush pepper, Ginger, Turmeric, Cabbage Cauliflower, Coriander, Mint, Potato, Onion.


The ideal size of the terrace garden depends on your attitude towards farming and the size of the available space. Experience shows managing ten bags will help to produce a good quantity of vegetables for a four-member family. If you set a garden of 25 bags you can get enough vegetables for family around the year. If you could manage up to 50 bags in your home you are all most self-sufficient ( Aatmanirbar ) in the case of vegetables. We hope with article will help you set up a successful grow bag farming on terrace garden.

Your kids are malnourished ? Do something about it : grow food crops in containers

Tips for Growing 10 Types of Vegetables in Containers

Written by Marie Iannotti

See : https://www.thespruce.com/growing-vegetables-in-containers-1403373?utm_campaign=gardening&utm_medium=email&utm_source=cn_nl&utm_content=8988131&utm_term=

David Q. Cavagnaro / Getty Images

Many vegetables
 will grow very well in containers. You may not be able to grow as much as you might in a vegetable garden, but container vegetable gardening can be quite productive. There are a few special considerations when growing vegetable plants in pots, but they are by no means deterrents.

Although any variety can be grown in a container, compact plants do best. Seed companies realize that homeowners have less and less space to devote to vegetable gardens, and every year they come out with new vegetable plant varieties suitable for growing in small spaces. Be on the lookout for keywords such as bush, compact, and space saver. Here are some tips, including vegetable plant varieties, to get your vegetable container garden growing.​

  • 01of 10 : BeansPole beans Wilfried Wirth / Getty Images
    • Growing tips: Pole beans are a great choice for containers. They grow up, instead of out, and they continue producing beans for a couple of months. They will require some type of support to climb on since vines can reach eight feet tall. The support can be as functional or decorative as you like. You can even use pole beans as a privacy wall or curtain.
    • Harvest frequently, so keep the beans coming. Even the pretty flowers are edible. You can start seeds in late spring and start a second batch in mid-summer to keep harvesting beans well into fall.
    • Bush beans aren’t as productive as pole beans, but they start producing earlier and you can succession plant throughout the summer. Either type will need regular water, perhaps daily in hot weather. They will drop their flowers if the soil remains dry.
    • Minimum container size: Eight inches deep. Any diameter is fine, but it will determine how many plants you can include.
    • Spacing: Bush: three to six inches. Pole: five to six inches.
    • Approximate yield: Bush: 20 to 50. Pole: More than 50.
    • Recommended varieties: Bush: ‘Contender’ and ‘Triumph de Farcy.’ Pole: ‘Blue Lake,’ ‘Kentucky Wonder,’ and ‘Lazy Housewife.’
  • 02of 10 : CarrotsCarrot in pot of soil Klaus Vedfelt / Getty Images
    • Growing tips: Long carrots require two months or longer to mature, and tending to a container of carrots can be tedious. However, you have two options to make it easier. You can seed a few carrots with potted flowers. The ferny foliage is attractive and you will be pulling the carrots before the roots of the flowers take over the pot. Another option is to choose a fast-growing round or baby carrots such as ‘Babette’ or ‘Paris Market.’
    • Carrots grow best and sweetest in the cool temperatures of spring and fall. The seedlings will need to be thinned to one to three inches apart​ once they are about one inch tall but other than that, the only thing you’ll need to do is make sure they get regular weekly watering. The roots will toughen and crack if they are left to dry out.
    • Minimum container size: 8 to 12 inches deep
    • Spacing: Two to three inches.
    • Approximate yield: Depends on the diameter of the container. It produces one carrot per plant.
    • Recommended varieties: ‘Babette,’ ‘Paris Market,’ ‘Thumbelina,’ and ‘Scarlet Nantes’
    • With a deep enough pot, you can grow any type of carrot, but the shorter varieties will mature more quickly and can be succession planted sooner.
  • 03of 10 : CucumbersCucumbers The Spruce / Marie Iannotti
    • Growing tips: Cucumbers that grow in a clump, rather than a long, sprawling vine, are considered bush varieties. They can still spread out several feet, but they should not require trellising. They grow well in large, wide containers or even hanging baskets. Bush cucumbers tend to start producing earlier than most vining varieties.Vining varieties do best when trellised. The pots can get very top-heavy. To keep them from tipping over, a larger container is recommended for vining cucumbers.
    • The leaves of all cucumbers can be very susceptible to fungus disease, so whichever type you choose, make sure the plants have good air circulation.
    • Minimum container size: 10 inches deep. Bush variety: one gallon. Vine variety: three gallons.
    • Spacing: 12 to 15 inches.
    • Approximate yield: Bush: 10 per plant. Vine: 12 to 15 per plant.
    • Recommended varieties: Bush: ‘Bush Pickle,’ ‘Salad Bush Hybrid,’ and ‘Spacemaster.’ Vine: ‘Crystal Apple,’ ‘Lemon,’ and the Kirby varieties.
  • 04of 10 : EggplantAubergine (Solanum melongena) Adam Stevens / Getty Images
    • Growing tips: Growing eggplant in containers offers several advantages. Eggplants require warm temperatures, even at night, and planting in a dark container will concentrate and hold heat. You can also move the container to wherever the sun is or place it on a hard surface that radiates heat. Another big plus is that growing them in containers helps to control some common pests, such as wireworms.
    • Once the plants start bearing fruits, they will get top-heavy. Some staking may be required to prevent the branches from drooping. They can also tip over if the diameter of the container is not large enough to balance them.
    • The slender varieties tend to produce more fruits and can be picked while young, short, and tender. Some of the newer varieties, such as ‘Hanzel’ and ‘Little Fingers,’ are ready to harvest at three inches and they grow in clusters so they produce more fruits.
    • Minimum container size: Four to five gallons, at least eight inches deep.
    • Spacing: One plant per container.
    • Approximate yield: Slender varieties: 10 to 12. Larger varieties: Four to eight.
    • Recommended varieties: Slender: ‘Bambino,’ ‘Hanzel,’ ‘Little Fingers,’ and ‘Ping Tung.’ Classic: ‘Black Beauty’ and ‘Rosa Bianca.’
  • 05of 10 : Green OnionsSpring onion seedlings Ken Leslie / Getty Images
    • Growing tips: Full-sized onions not only take up space, but they also require a long time in the ground. Green or bunching onions can be slipped into pots with other vegetables or grown on their own. Either way, you can snip what you need and leave the plants to grow more leaves.
    • To grow green or bunching onions to full size, you will need to thin the plants to two to three inches apart, but you can eat all the plants you thin out. And even though they are not forming large bulbs, they still need plenty of water. The soil can be kept consistently moist, but not dripping wet. Start your first plants in early spring and keep succession planting into summer.
    • Minimum container size: Six inches deep.
    • Spacing: Two to three inches.
    • Approximate yield: You can harvest green leaves and leave the whole plant or slice off the entire plant.
    • Recommended varieties: ‘Beltsville Bunching,’ ‘Crystal Wax,’ and ‘Evergreen Bunching.’
  • 06of 10 : Lettuce
    • Growing Tips: Lettuce loves containers. You can move it into sun or shade, as needed, lift it away from pests and animals, and keep it handy for cutting. If you grow looseleaf varieties and cut only the outer leaves, the plants will continue to grow for months. However sooner or later they will tire out, so keep planting seeds every three to four weeks for a succession of harvests.
    • Lettuce does best in cool weather, but containers can be moved to a shady location and grown all summer or moved to a protected location and grown into late fall and winter. Water is essential to keep lettuce happy. Lack of water will cause lettuce plants to bolt.
    • Minimum container size: Six inches deep and any width or diameter.
    • Spacing: Leaf lettuce seed can be seeded closely and thinned—and eaten—as you like. If you would like your plants to form heads, thin to eight inches between plants.
    • Approximate yield: 20-plus leaves or one head.
    • Recommended varieties: ‘Buttercrunch,’ red or green ‘Salad Bowl,’ and any variety bibb.
  • 07of 10PeppersPeppers The Spruce / Marie Iannotti
    • Growing tips: Peppers are tropical perennial plants and if you bring your potted pepper plants indoors for the winter, they will continue setting fruits. Of course, you can simply enjoy them outdoors during the summer months. Both sweet and hot peppers are good candidates for containers. Hot peppers tend to be smaller and more prolific, but both types will enjoy the extra heat a container can provide and both make nice ornamental plants if you choose to keep them on a patio. Large peppers will require staking.
    • Minimum container size: Eight inches deep, two to four gallons per plant.
    • Spacing: One plant per pot.
    • Approximate Yield: Varies greatly by variety. Leaving the peppers on the plant until they reach their mature color will also result in a lower yield than if you picked them while green.
    • Recommended Varieties: Sweet Peppers: ‘Cubanelle,’ ‘Gypsy,’ ‘Jimmy Nardello,’ ‘Marconi,’ and ‘Sweet Banana.’ Hot peppers: ‘Cayenne,’ ‘Fatalli,’ ‘Hot Cherry,’ ‘Jalapeno,’ and ‘Robustini.’
  • 08of 10RadishesHarvesting radishes grown in terracotta pot Maarigard / Getty Images
    • Growing tips: Radishes are best when they grow quickly, and growing them in containers will provide the cool, damp conditions they love. You could even plant radishes and carrots together, the way it is often done in the garden. The radishes grow quickly and loosen the soil, so the carrots have room to expand when the radishes are pulled. This is a nice way to introduce kids to gardening—the radishes are ready before their interest has wandered and the small sweet carrots are the ultimate treat.
    • Radishes prefer cool weather and moist soil. Move your containers to a shady spot and keep it well watered, if you want to continue growing radishes throughout the summer.
    • Minimum container size: Four to six inches deep.
    • Spacing: One to three inches, depending on the mature size of the radish variety.
    • Approximate yield: One radish per plant.
    • Recommended varieties: ‘Cherry Belle,’ ‘Cincinnati Market,’ ‘Scarlet Globe,’ and ‘White Icicle.’
  • 09of 10Summer SquashTwo white squashes and a yellow summer squash AIC / Joana Leitao / Getty Images
    • Growing tips: As with cucumbers, squash plants can be either bush varieties or long vines. You can grow either in a container, but bush varieties make the better choice, remaining much more compact. There are many zucchini and crookneck squash varieties to choose from.
    • One problem with growing squash in containers is that you need male and female flowers for pollination and one plant limits the number of flowers at any given time. But you’ll still get a decent yield. Be sure to harvest while the squash ​is small and they’ll keep producing.
    • Minimum container size: 10 inches deep. The larger the better.
    • Spacing: One plant per container.
    • Approximate yield: Varies greatly with variety, but at peak times there can be four or more squash per week.
    • Recommended varieties: ‘Gold Rush,’ ‘Peter Pan,’ ‘Ronde de Nice,’ and ‘Sundance.’
  • 10of 10TomatoesWoman picking tomatoes crotography / Getty Images
    • Growing tips: Growing a full-size ​tomato plant in a container will require a large pot, a strong stake, or cage and lots of water—but it can be done. If you have a favorite variety of tomato, go ahead and try it. Just don’t skimp on the container. Crowding it will diminish the yield and can stress the plant, leading to disease problems. A whiskey barrel-sized container would work well for beefsteak tomatoes. You could even underplant it with lettuce, basil, or a few flowers.
    • If you just want a handy snack, the patio cherry tomatoes are perfect for you and there are dozens to choose from. They can be staked and grown upright or in hanging baskets.
    • Minimum container size: 12 inches deep for cherry tomatoes, 18 inches for full-sized plants.
    • Spacing: One pot per plant.
    • Approximate yield: Varies greatly with variety.
    • Recommended varieties: Patio Cherry: ‘Small Fry,’ ‘Tiny Tim,’ and ‘Tumbling Tom.’



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What about malnutrition if every Malawian school would be growing food crops in a school garden ?

Not only to entice the younger generation to go into agriculture, but also to solve malnutrition.

They adapted the urban container gardening, a method used to grown containers such as pots rather than into the ground. Instead of buying pots, they utilize plastic bottles, cans, and, even car tires.

The active participation of the school community, from the students, administration, and the parents, were behind the program’s success at the school. We were able to expand the advocacy not just within the school, but also to the whole community.


MAKING children appreciate vegetable gardening is one crucial task that has been delegated to Ellen Estacaan, a teacher by profession but an agriculturist at heart.

When she was tasked to be the “Gulayan sa Paaralan Program (GPP)” coordinator of San Roque Central Elementary School, she took a second vocation, which is not only to entice the younger generation to go into agriculture, but also to solve malnutrition.

When San Roque started to actively participate in GPP in 2014, she admitted it was hard to pull off.

Estacaan did not study agriculture, so teaching a pupil as young as six years old about the basics in gardening was challenging.

Her efforts, eventually, grew like the vegetables in the school’s garden, which eventually became one of the role model public schools in Davao City in the GPP implementation.

Considering the school’s tight space, they adapted the urban container gardening, a method used to grown containers such as pots rather than into the ground. Instead of buying pots, they utilize plastic bottles, cans, and, even car tires.

Estacaan said the active participation of the school community, from the students, administration, and the parents, were behind the program’s success at the school.

We were able to expand the advocacy not just within the school, but also to the whole community,” she said, adding that passion and advocacy was her secret to the program’s full force implementation.

GPP is a joint partnership program of the Department of Education (DepEd) and the Department of Agriculture (DA) that started in 2007. Its implementation was strengthened in 2016.

All elementary and secondary public schools in the country are mandated to participate in the program, which aims to address malnutrition, and provide health awareness by letting the students plant vegetables through organic methods.

Admittedly, not all schools are able to implement it.

GPP implementation

Regional DepEd GPP coordinator Nelly Fabia said the ongoing Build, Build, Build Program of the Duterte administration has somehow affected its implementation.

“Those spaces in the schools which used to be allocated for gardening, are now turned into school buildings,” Fabia said.

However, with the new advanced methods of vegetable gardening introduced by Department of Agriculture, she said schools can still implement it.

According to DepEd-Davao region’s data in the school year 2017-2018, 1,624 out of the 1,669 elementary schools have vegetable gardens, while 628 out of the 645 secondary schools have gardens.

The sustainability rate for these gardens combined, however, is only 40 percent.

Despite struggles in its implementation, there has been improvement in the nutrition status of students enrolled in the feeding program of the GPP.

In the 2017-2018 school year, a total of 734,476 were enrolled in public elementary and secondary schools. Students who were categorized as severely wasted reduced to 6,554 from 23,842.

Gulayan at homes

Planting vegetables is also being pushed within households, especially in farflung areas.

Davao City Health Office (CHO) nutrition officer Beth Banzon said they are encouraging each barangays in the city to strengthen its “gulayan sa barangay” program, a community-counterpart of GPP.

Despite the lower turnout of malnutrition in Davao City, which is 0.9 percent, as per CHO head Josephine Villafuerte, the office said there are still nutrition-depressed barangays in the city.

These are barangays of Gumitan, Baganihan, Dalaglumot, and Marilog Proper in Marilog District; Barangays Sumimao, Tapak, and Colosas in Paquibato District; Barangays Megcawayan and Lampianao in Calinan District; and Barangay Sibulan in Toril District.

Banzon said these geographically isolated and disadvantaged areas (Gida) have no access to food and health services, and are considered progressively left behind due to lack of road infrastructure for the delivery of goods and services.

“We are encouraging them to plant vegetables within their own backyard. If these parents will not plant, they won’t have sources of food since food are scarce in their areas,” Banzon said.

Future farmers

While GPP aims to address malnutrition, DA-Davao region high value crops development program (HVCDP) chief Marriel Aglibot said the programs aims to produce future farmers in the country.

Aglibot said millennials must be re-introduced to gardening, as the agriculture industry is struggling for more production due to the lack of farmers.

DA regional focal person Ken Dungo said the agency has allocated P7,381,000 worth of agricultural supplies and tools for 615 schools in the region.

“GPP is not just inside the school but it can be replicated even outside the school or at home, gardening can still be done at home,” Dungo said.

While Estacaan said GPP’s feeding program helped reduced the severely wasted or malnourished, she hopes she and the school community would be able to sustain the program implementation and continue improving the health condition of the students.

Because her role as a teacher does not stop in feeding their minds, but this time, making sure these students are fed with the right food, which could help in their scholastic journey.

Would you grow your food crops on human waste or use unsafe chemicals to treat or condition your foods???

Read the full story: DIY Backyard Farm

Must Read For Anyone Interested in Growing Their Own Food

by Prof. Dr. Willem Van Cotthem (Ghent University, Belgium)

On 2016-09-18 I was prompted by a few things to revisit a previous post I created to help our followers grow their own garlic.

First, I read yet another article (DIY Backyard Farm) on the dangers in our food supply. Sadly, not all our trading partners feel it is important to give us clean, safe and healthy foods. The power of the almighty dollar often outweighs the importance of good, quality food. This particular article cited the use of chemicals on foods that you would not want on your foods. Garlic was one of the key foods mentioned in th article.

Further Googling and reading on the topic led me to another article where crops were grown on human waste. Gross! Growing your own food helps you identify where your foods are coming from.

Would you grow your foods on human waste or use unsafe chemicals to treat or condition your foods???

Container gardening in every work plan for combatting malnutrition in the next decade

“The 10 years running until 2025 will be a critical time for action to build healthy and sustainable food systems and end malnutrition in all its forms. The purpose of the Decade of Action on Nutrition is to continue to draw the world`s attention to the importance of combatting malnutrition”.

It remains good to know that more and people on all continents are growing fresh food for daily consumption in a panoply of containers. It is a recognisable signal for governments and international aid organizations that this is the most direct road to solving the malnutrition problem, particularly for children.


by Prof. Dr. Willem VAN COTTHEM

(University of Ghent, Belgium)

On Sept. 20, 2016, FAO’s Director-General José Graziano da Silva addressed the United Nations General Assembly celebrating the United Nations Decade of Action on Nutrition. and said:

“The 10 years running until 2025 will be a critical time for action to build healthy and sustainable food systems and end malnutrition in all its forms. The purpose of the Decade of Action on Nutrition is to continue to draw the world`s attention to the importance of combatting malnutrition”.

Knowing that CONTAINER GARDENING is one of the most effective tools for combatting malnutrition at home and in schools, the 447.000 members of our Facebook group (https://www.facebook.com/groups/221343224576801/) are wondering if container gardening is really a part of the work plan of WHO and FAO, focusing their efforts on two main objectives:

One is assisting governments in building national policies and programs that advance nutrition. The other is to align the efforts of existing global initiatives and social movements towards common goals. To support concrete action on nutrition programs, both agencies will further organize special meetings to strengthen countries’ technical capacities to tackle new nutrition challenges”.

Am I blind or have I missed container gardening somewhere ?

Juicy lettuce growing in a kiddle pool, but it can also been growing in any container (pot, bottle, bag, sack, drum, tower of bottles or buckets, etc. – Photo Sonia Alejandra Gauthier – 483968_4316875042333_1291165749_n.jpg

It remains good to know that more and people on all continents are growing fresh food for daily consumption in a panoply of containers. It is a recognisable signal for governments and international aid organizations that this is the most direct road to solving the malnutrition problem, particularly for children.

You can grow vegetables in pots

Most vegetables can be successfully grown in pots or other growing containers provided you use a nutrient rich compost or soil mix. If you are growing vegetables in smaller pots make sure you use compost rather than soil because soil will dry out too quickly and your plants will struggle.

The list below includes some of the easiest vegetables you can grow in pots but remember there are many more options depending on your preference. Our list is ideal for a beginner gardener and represents a good range of the basics, for more information on growing vegetables in containers please feel free to contact us.

Most vegetables can be successfully grown in pots or other growing containers provided you use a nutrient rich compost or soil mix. If you are growing vegetables in smaller pots make sure you use compost rather than soil because soil will dry out too quickly and your plants will struggle.

Compost mix in plant pot

For larger pots you can use a soil mix with approx 40% good quality loamy soil and 60% compost. As a rule of thumb I would recommend compost for plants grown in pots for one season and soil based mixes for more permanent planting like woody herbs or fruit bushes.

We recommend using a good multipurpose compost as a base with the addition of a slow release organic fertilizer like our ‘Seafeed’ seaweed and poultry manure pellets. ‘Rockdust’ ground volcasnic basalt is also a helpful addition in soil-less compost mixes as it provides the mineral content usually provided by the soil.

Lettuce leaves in container

Size of Pot:

Salad crops are among the easiest and quickest crops to grow, they also need very little room so ideal for your first attempt at growing on a windowsill. Lettuce seeds are best sown on the surface of your compost and covered with a very fine layer of compost as the seeds need light to germinate, sow to deeply and they won’t come up. Lettuce can be sprinkled over the surface of your pot to grow a mat of baby leaf salad leaves or sown at the spacings recommended on the packet if you want to harvest a full head of lettuce.

Oriental Salads
Size of Pot:

Oriental salads offer a broad range of fast growing salad crops which include rocket, mizuna, pak choi and mustard leaf, the range is vast. Oriental salads are fast growing and are ideal for ‘cut and come again’ growing where three or more harvests cab be taken from a single pot. Flavours of oriental leaves range from mild in the case of pakchoi and mizuna through to spicy and hot for rocket and mustard leaves.

Grow radish in a plant pot

Size of Pot:

Freshly picked homegrown radishes are delicious with a satisfying crunch and slightly spicy flavour. There are a broad range of varieties with the most popular being ‘Cherry Belle’ or ‘French Breakfast’, all are very easy to grow and take approx 4 weeks for sowing seed to harvest. Radishes are ideal for growing in pots due to their size and ease and make a tasty windowsill crop where space is limited.

Baby Carrots.
Size of Pot:

Smaller pots are ideal for baby carrots which are harvested at an immature stage so deliciously small and sweet. Full size carrots will need to be grown in very large and deep pots or raised beds due to their deep root systems.

It is an advantage to grow baby carrots in pots as one of the main issues with growing carrots in the garden is a heavy clay or stony soil, using a fine compost in a pot will make it easy for the carrot to grow down and produce fine straight roots.

growing spring onions

Spring Onions
Size of Pot:

Spring onions or scallions take up very little space and can be planted in bunches which are harvested as you need them, they are a perfect crop for small container growing.

Spring onions also look fantastic when planted in as part of a display of potted vegetables with their long slender stems graduating from white at the bottom through to dark green at the tips of their leaves. Sow a small pot every 2 or 3 weeks to have a continuous supply throughout the Summer.

Growing beetoot in a container

Beetroot & Swiss chard
Size of Pot:

Beetroot swiss chard are from the same plant family with one being grown for the roots and the other for the leaves. Both are easy to grow and suit growing in containers in a good quality compost.

Beetroot seeds are actually clusters of 4 or 5 individual seeds so a single seed can be planted in a 5 litre pot and will produce a number plants depending on how many germinate. Smaller baby beets are recommended for growing in pots as larger beets which are checked in growth by the size of the pot can become woody and unpleasant.

Chard is a very productive crop as it will produce new leaves when cut so one or two plants will provide nutritious leaves for a full season. Leave plenty of room, ideally one plant per 5 litre pot.

Growing peas in a pot

Peas & Beans
Size of Pot:

Peas and beans work very well in pots and are a very attractive addition to a container garden especially when flowering before the pods are produced. Make sure you use a pot large enough to hold the plant support, a wigwam structure made from bamboos is ideal.

Dwarf bush varieties are also available for smaller pots which don’t climb so don’t need support like pea ‘Tom Thumb’ or the excellent ‘Purple Teepee’ dwarf French bean.

Peas and beans will stay productive longer if harvested vigourously, the more you pick the more you get!

Toamtoes in a plastic container

Size of Pot:

Depending on the climate where you live tomatoes are grown either outside in a sunny sheltered spot or inside in a greenhouse, polytunnel or bright conservatory.

Tomatoes are easy to grow and well suited to pots providing they are fed well; bear in mind a single tomato plant can produce hundreds of fruit so nutrient demands are high. Mix a poultry manure and seaweed pellet in with the compost and feed plants when required with a liquid tomato feed high in potassium.

Climbing and bush varieties are available depending on your preference, climbing varieties tend to be more productive and can be supported with a single pole fixed in the centre of a large pot.

Kale growing in a planter

Size of Pot:

Kale is a highly nutritious vegetable with the added advantage of being a virtually bullet proof plant able to survive all but the worst Winter temperatures. There are a number of varieties suitable for growing in pots with Russian Kale and Nero Di Toscana Italian kale being recommended.

Kale will also appreciate a well fed compost with poultry manure added, the final size of the plant will be relative to the size of the pot and the nutrients available.

Planting potatoes in a pot

Size of Pot:

I am including potatoes here as they are easy to grow in a potato bag planter which is essentially a very large pot. Potatoes are ideal as container grown vegetables providing you keep the well watered, lack of irrigation is the most common reason for small yields. For best (dare I say fantastic) results mix ‘Living Green’ wormcast compost with ‘Envirogrind’ soil improver at a ratio of 60/40.

Early varieties are more suitable for growing in pots as they mature quicker and are usually harvested before the the most common potato disease, blight, becomes an issue in late Summer.

If they can grow food crops in an urban area of Davao City, The Philippines, they can do it also in any region of Malawi

One of the ways introduced to achieve food sustainability is called Urban Container Gardening. This is where plants are grown and harvested in reused old containers such as pots rather than into the ground since having an actual garden in urban areas is not possible.

Entrepreneurship in urban gardening –https://www.sunstar.com.ph/article/1815253/Davao/Business/Entrepreneurship-in-urban-gardening?fbclid=IwAR186IIE24F0bHp4LYk9UsJ-h2qKKmciNJGtKWVh_qjsGfZ1UUYXY2ImkQc


AS DAVAO City economy continues to grow, the population is also rising and the area is becoming more urbanized. Despite the situation, the government and some advocates are still encouraging Dabawenyos to plant vegetables, fruits, and spices for their consumption and promote food sustainability.

One of the ways introduced to achieve food sustainability is called Urban Container Gardening. This is where plants are grown and harvested in reused old containers such as pots rather than into the ground since having an actual garden in urban areas is not possible.

In a 180-square-meter lot in Victoria Heights Subdivision owned by a 62-year-old traditional farmer Maxey Atog, Jr., his urban container garden was not solely for the consumption of their family but has now become an income-generating activity.

“At the start, I did urban container gardening for food consumption but it has now become our livelihood also. My house was filled with plants, that’s why during harvest season, it is always more than for our food consumption,” he said in vernacular in a phone interview with SunStar Davao.

He started the activity in 2010 and is now selling his harvested vegetables at the Rizal Park every Thursday and Friday of the week. Aside from vegetables like lettuce sold at P30 per pack of 150 grams, he is also selling Urban Container Gardening materials like pots, organic fertilizers, among others. His clients also get free orientation on how to start with the gardening as part of his advocacy in food productivity.

“Urban Container Gardening is easy for me as I am a farmer for a long time plus I went through training. However, to some people, it will be a little difficult so before I sell the gardening materials to the, I make sure to orient them first,” he said.

He said he wants people to understand the importance and benefits of Urban Container Gardening.

To further encourage people, the Department of Agriculture (DA)-Davao has been conducting free training and seminars whenever there is a request letter to their agency with a minimum of 20 participants.

DA 11 Science Research Assistant Raymund Antiola said they conduct demonstrations on how to plant cabbage, kangkong or water spinach, radish, and carrots, even spices like chili pepper in containers.

“For business, he said it is best to plant at least a minimum of four varieties of vegetables or spices as each has different characteristics and harvest season,” he said.

How to Grow Lettuce in Containers in a Small Garden

If you have a small garden or only a yard or patio then you can successfully plant lettuce seeds in containers or pots for a great harvest.

L M REID : L.M.Reid is an Irish writer who has published many articles. She is a keen gardener with plenty of experience.https://dengarden.com/gardening/How-to-Grow-Lettuce-in-Containers-Growing-Planting-Seeds-Container-Pots-a-Small-Garden-Patio-Balcony-Harvest-Harvesting?fbclid=IwAR2CKaVKJVSJFM-TXg8hJN6aIlc5jBjb9F-cvQjDSgMq7w5gBQPBABzURvQ

How to grow Lettuce seeds in containers and bags

How to Grow Lettuce in Containers

Planting, growing and harvesting different varieties of lettuce plants is easy and great fun.

  • How much sun and water the lettuce plant needs to grow.
  • How many lettuce seeds do you plant in one hole?
  • How long does it take for a lettuce seed to germinate?

If you have a small garden or only a yard or patio then you can successfully plant lettuce seeds in containers or pots for a great harvest.

Which Variety of Lettuce to Grow

There are numerous varieties of lettuce that can be grown very successfully. They all have different tastes and textures. If you are not sure which lettuces to grow you can buy a mixed seed packet and see which ones you prefer. Lettuce is prone to be eaten and damaged by slugs and other garden pests. There are a few simple ways to protect your plants which I will explain here.

When to Sow

Plant out lettuce seeds in early spring once the frosts have gone. That is March or April here in Ireland. Lettuce grows best in sheltered areas with a few hours of direct sunlight.

Which Containers to Use

Plastic pots or large garden bags are best. They do not have to be too deep but a wider surface allows you to grow more lettuce.plants. Do not use clay pots because there is always the danger of the soil drying out in summer. All containers used must have proper drainage to avoid water logging the plants.

Young Lettuce Plants growing in a container
Young Lettuce Plants growing in a containerL.M.Reid

Planting Lettuce Seeds

You can plant lettuce seeds directly into your containers or pots or put them into seed trays. I prefer to plant them in seeding trays and then transplanting them into the containers. This way I have more control over how the lettuce grows.

How to Plant Into Trays

  1. Add fresh compost into the trays and water well.
  2. Take out a few seeds and put into the palm of your hand.
  3. Using your other hand pinch out a few seeds and sprinkle onto the soil.
  4. If the tray has compartments put four into each corner.
  5. If the tray is open then make a line down the soil before you place the seeds into it.
  6. Lettuce seeds are very small so you are bound to get a few bunched together.
  7. Move them around with a thin stick if possible but if not you can thin them out later.
How to grow lettuce seeds in the garden
How to grow lettuce seeds in the gardenL.M.Reid


  1. Cover the seeds very lightly with some compost.
  2. Water with a watering can with the spray attachment.
  3. Place the trays in a sheltered but sunny position either in the garden or on your patio.
  4. Do not let the seed tray dry out but at the same time do not over water.
  5. It will take about two weeks for the seeds to germinate.
  6. Once you see that they have four leaves and are about two to three inches high then it is time to transplant them into the containers.


  1. Make sure whatever pot you are using to grow the lettuce has plenty of drainage.
  2. Prepare the containers by filling with new compost and water well.
  3. Soil from the garden or compost used last year is not suitable.
  4. Make small holes in the soil where you want to put the plants.
  5. For the varieties that grow a heart you will need to leave more space between plants, around eight inches.
  6. For the varieties where there are only leaves you can space them closer together.
  7. Gently pick out the plants by the roots from the seed trays by using a thin stick
  8. Put into the container and firm the soil around the plants.
  9. Give a very light sprinkle of water.
  10. Add mulch to the soil. This will cut down on weeds and help keep in the moisture.
How To Grow Lettuce
How To Grow LettuceL.M.Reid


How to protect lettuce plants in pots and containers. By adding a mulch of straw or bark you are giving the plants the ideal conditions for healthy growth. You also need to protect them form slugs, snails and birds.

  1. Collect the egg shells from your kitchen into a small box.
  2. When you have a few crush then into tiny pieces.
  3. Place them around the surface of the container making sure to add more around the base of the plants.
  4. The sharpness of the shells will stop slugs, snails and birds from eating your lettuce.plants
  5. They do not like the sharp surface so will avoid it.

Directly Into Containers

  1. Prepare the container as per directions set out above.
  2. Scatter the seeds as thinly as possible onto the soil.
  3. Once the seedlings have germinated and are around two to three inches high with four leaves then it is time to thin them out.
  4. Pick the best looking plants to keep and gently pick out the smaller weaker plants with a thin stick.
  5. You can transplant these into another pot if you have not damaged them.
  6. Continue to look after the plants as set out above.
How to Grow Lettuce and Scallions
How to Grow Lettuce and ScallionsL.M.Reid

When to Harvest

  1. For the leaf lettuce it can be picked at around twenty five days after planting.
  2. Earlier if you like smaller leaves.
  3. Always pick from the outer side of the plant as this will allow the lettuce to produce more leaves.
  4. I only pick what I am using that day as that way you can eat your lettuce at its freshest.
  5. The leaf lettuce varieties grow for about five to six weeks after planting.
  6. Once they have matured the whole plant should be cut with a knife.
  7. Gather the leaves in one hand and cut at the bottom leaving the roots still in the soil.
  8. For all heart lettuce varieties it take about six to seven weeks for the plants to mature.
  9. You can pick some of the outer leaves from these too while it is maturing.
  10. Cut the head lettuce at the base of the plant with a sharp knife.
  11. This way you are not disturbing other plants in the container.
  12. You can remove the remainder of the roots when all the lettuce and other vegetables have been harvested.

Growing Lettuce

As you can see from these instructions once you know the few rules of growing lettuce it is easy enough. You can have have a steady supply of home grown lettuce in your garden or on your patio. You will be able to enjoy eating the lettuce in salads, sandwiches and as side dishes with meals.

Leaf Lettuce grown in my garden
Leaf Lettuce grown in my gardenL.M.Reid

How to Grow Other Vegetables and Fruit

Check out my other guides on how to grow:

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

Questions & Answers

Question: My lettuce has brown leaves with brown edges. What is the cause of this?

Answer: There are two reasons why your lettuce leaves have turned brown:

1. This is a sign that the roots have dried out. Cut off the brown leaves and make sure to water the plant’s roots regularly.

2. The lettuce plants are too close together, and the leaves are turning brown because they do not have enough space to grow properly.

Related Articles


FOODHow to Grow Cucumbers in Pots and Containers in Your Garden


FOODHow to Grow Carrots in Containers in the Garden


FOODHow to Grow Spring Onions or Scallions in Containers


FOODHow to Grow Tomato Plants in Containers and Hanging Baskets


FOODHow to Grow Potatoes in Bags or Containers in a Small Garden


FOODHow to Grow Strawberries in Containers, Hanging Baskets or Pots


FOODHow to Grow Runner Beans on a Trellis in the Garden


FOODHow to Grow Beetroot From Beet Seeds in Containers


FOODHow to Grow Sweet Bell Peppers in Containers or Pots


FOODHow to Grow Peas on a Trellis in the Garden


FOODHow to Grow a Goji Berry Tree in the Garden


FOODHow to Grow Swede From Seeds in the Garden


FOODHow to Grow Cabbage From Seeds in the Garden


FOODThe Best Fertilizer for Tomatoes at Different Stages of Growth


FOODWatering Tomatoes: When, How Often & How Much Is Needed

© 2020


Can NGOs with the same mission cooperate ?

Research in Malawi – Health, primary education, agriculture, humanitarian, and population and development sectors

Funder: Nascent Solutions Inc. (Nascent)

Location: Throughout Malawi

Duration: December 2020 – January 2021


Nascent Solutions (Nascent) is a US- based non-profit organization founded in 2004. It is registered in Malawi with the Non-Governmental Organization (NGO) Board of Malawi. The mission of the organization is to fight poverty by building capacity for less privileged people in rural Africa and enable them to achieve self-sufficiency and total responsibility for their well-being. The organization’s major areas of intervention are humanitarian assistance, agricultural development and food security, basic health care, education and skills training, and the protection of women and children’s rights. The organization works with various target populations to identify need areas and provide practical and sustainable interventions that respond to those needs. Nascent believes in evidence-based programming and encourages the sharing of knowledge that enables self-realization. Currently, Nascent is looking for research firm(s) or group(s) of researchers to carry operational research on various fields/sector to inform its evidence-based programming in Malawi.


Nascent seeks research teams to investigate the current demographics, knowledge, attitudes, and practices among people who could benefit from improved services in the health, primary education, agriculture, humanitarian and, population and development sectors. These research findings will assist Nascent to better serve its clients, beneficiaries, and partners.

Profile of Research Team

Researchers are welcome to assemble a team as they see fit. Their skills should be complementary, with one identified as the Team Lead, who will bear responsibility for all work products and processes. Companies or groups of independent consultants are welcome to apply. The teams or groups of individuals should be Malawi based researchers only. Combined, the team should have the following skills and attributes:

  • Demonstrated experience leading complex research.
  • Demonstrated expertise in study design and sampling.
  • Demonstrated experience in the development of quantitative data collection tools and managing field data collection (including mobile).
  • Demonstrated experience in using qualitative methods such as focus group discussions and key informant interviews.
  • Demonstrated experience in data management and analysis using statistical software, including analyzing complex (multi-stage cluster samples) surveys.
  • Demonstrated experience in concise, illuminating report writing, including data visualization.
  • Demonstrated experience in training and managing field data collectors and complex logistics.
  • Subject matter expertise in the health sector.
  • Subject matter expertise in primary education.
  • Subject matter expertise in the agriculture sector.
  • Subject matter expertise in the humanitarian sector.
  • Subject matter expertise in the population and development sector
  • Strong teamwork ability across cultures and time zones.
  • Demonstrated ability to effectively communicate with a variety of stakeholders, ranging from young students to government officials.
  • High proficiency in written and verbal English.

How to apply

Interested research teams should apply by submitting a single PDF write-up no later than 30 November 2020. Submissions must be made via e-mail to admin@nascents.org with the subject line “Malawi research 2020” addressed to the Chief of Party, Nascent Solutions, P. O. Box 31232, Lilongwe.

Applications should have the following elements:

  1. Organizational/team capacity statement outlining relevant experience and ability to perform the research with methodological rigor. This should be a maximum of 5 pages.
  2. CV of each proposed researcher with his/her role clearly identified. Please limit CVs to no more than 4 pages per person.
  3. Only shortlisted organizations/firms/groups of individuals will be contacted for next steps.

Herbs at home : obtain some seeds and start a kitchen garden for your family

written by Kaitlin Hurtado – https://parentology.com/the-best-herbs-to-grow-for-your-home-garden/

best herbs for home garden

As summer kicks off into full swing, many are ditching their newfound baking habits to create their very own at-home garden. While squash and cucumbers are staples for some, growing herbs can be a simple enhancement to their gardens, recipes, and at-home DIYs. Check out our list of some of the best herbs to grow in your at-home garden.


Photo: Shutterstock
  • Best for: Warmer outdoor environments, or sunny kitchen windowsills.
  • Maintenance: Fertile soil and high levels of warmth and light.
  • Harvest: Regular harvesting encourages the plant to produce more leaves.


Photo: Michele Jackson
  • Best for: Most climates and environments that get four to five hours of sun each day, or sunny kitchen windowsills.
  • Maintenance: Full sun and well-draining, moist soil.
  • Harvest: Grab what you need – the entire herb is edible.


best herbs for home garden
Photo: Rike_
  • Best for: Humid climates with plenty of sun, but not extreme heat.
  • Maintenance: Moist soil and partial sun. It can handle full sun but will be more likely to wilt if it gets too warm.
  • Harvest: Pick when the plant reaches about five inches in height. Trim the plant close to the soil.

Lemon Balm

best herbs for home garden
Photo: Leonsbox
  • Best for: Shady outdoor environments that don’t get too chilly
  • Maintenance: Partial light and well-draining soil. Underwatering is better than overwatering.
  • Harvest: Once the plant has several stalks and leaves, harvest by pinching off the leaves you need. Don’t harvest all the plant in one go if you want it to regrow.


best herbs for home garden
Photo: redhumv
  • Best for: Contained, light-filled environments.
  • Maintenance: Rich, moist soil that drains well and partial to full sun.
  • Harvest: Trim off sprigs of the plant before it flowers to encourage regrowth.


best herbs for home garden
Photo: MmeEmil
  • Best for: Warmer environments
  • Maintenance: Bright indirect sunlight and well-draining soil.
  • Harvest: When the plant is four inches or taller, harvest whole stems rather than picking off leaves.


best herbs for home garden
Photo: SurkovDimitri
  • Best for: Cooler, sunny areas
  • Maintenance: Regular waterings as it thrives in moist soil.
  • Harvest: Cut at the base of the plants and choose stems that are about four inches taller rather than newer sprouts. Collect the full stalk, not just the leaves.


best herbs for home garden
Photo: gaffera
  • Best for: A wide variety of environments.
  • Maintenance: Plenty of sunlight, well-draining soil, and regular waterings. Be sure to prune the plant regularly so it doesn’t get unruly.
  • Harvest: Harvest the younger leaves for the freshest taste. You can snip up to 1/3 of the entire plant in one harvest without harming it.


best herbs for home garden
Photo: Bonnie McCann
  • Best for: Sunnier, drier climates.
  • Maintenance: Well-draining soil, bright light. Wait for the soil to dry out before watering again.
  • Harvest: Chop off several stems or leaves at a time to use fresh or dry for later usage.


best herbs for home garden
Photo: LightFieldStudios
  • Best for: Hotter, drier environments.
  • Maintenance: Full sun and drier soil with proper drainage. Avoid overwatering.
  • Harvest: Snip a few inches from the top right before the flower blooms for optimal flavor and scent.

You can grow climbing vines in a planter with trellis

Build it yourself … –

RollingPlanter.com: Designed / built- Creswell (a stone’s throw from Eugene), Oregon.
M26 RollingPlanters 2’ x 6’ x 25”, 7 foot trellis, Menlo Park, CA
RollingPlanter new vertical planter with hanging boxes. The vertical planter provides instant privacy before/while plants grow in their spaces. The hanging planters can also be installed on banisters and windows.
M38 Craftsman Style RollingPlanter with Pedestal and Self-Watering Unit. This Planter Measures 36″ x 97″ x 33.” ⁠

Growing Onions In Container Gardens

By: Heather Rhoades – https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/vegetables/onion/growing-onions-in-container-gardens.htm

Many people would love to grow onions, but due to a small garden or perhaps no garden at all, they just don’t have the space. There is a solution though; they can try growing onions in container gardens. Growing onions in containers allows you to be growing onions indoors or in a small space in your backyard.

How to Grow Onions in Container Gardens

The way to grow onions in container gardens is much like growing onions in the ground. You need good soil, adequate drainage, good fertilizer and plenty of light. Read this article on growing onions for more information on basic onion care. Really, the only difference between what you do when you grow onions in the ground and when you grow onions in pots is choosing the container you’ll be growing them in. Because you need several onions planted to get a decent crop, attempting to grow onions in pots that are only 5 or 6 inches (12.5 to 15 cm.) wide would be cumbersome. If you choose to grow onions in pots, choose a large mouthed pot. It needs to be at least 10 inches (25.5 cm.) deep, but should be  several feet (1 m.) wide so that you’ll be able to plant enough onions to make it worth your while. Many people have success growing onions in a tub. Because plastic tubs are much cheaper than a comparable sized pot, growing onions in a tub is economical and efficient. Just make sure that you put holes in the bottom of the tub to provide drainage. You can also grow onions in 5 gallon (19 L.) buckets, but realize that you may only be able to grow 3 or 4 onions per bucket as onions need at least 3 inches (7.5 cm.) open soil around them to grow properly.

Choosing a Location for Growing Onions in Containers

Whether you decide to growing onions in a tub or in pots, it’s essential that you put the onion container somewhere that gets six to seven hours of light. If you are growing indoor onions and don’t have a location with adequate sunlight, you can supplement the light with fluorescent bulbs set close to the onions. A shop light on an adjustable chain makes an excellent grow light for people who growing indoor onions.

Remember to Water Your Potted Onions

Water is an important to growing onions in container gardens because your container onions will have little access to naturally stored rainfall from surrounding soil like onions grown in the ground do. Onions grown in containers will need at least 2 – 3 inches (5 to 7.5 cm.) of water a week, perhaps even more in hot weather. Check your onions daily, and if the top of the soil is dry to the touch, give them some water. Just because you have limited space doesn’t mean that you need to limit what you grow. Growing indoor onions or growing onions in a tub on the patio is fun and easy. Now that you know how to grow onions in container gardens, you have no excuse not to.

Read more at Gardening Know How: Growing Onions In Container Gardens https://www.gardeningknowhow.com/edible/vegetables/onion/growing-onions-in-container-gardens.htm

And have a look at : https://youtu.be/-4wNpwPQRa8 and https://youtu.be/jmFZFX3tD_Y

Gardening in bags can be very rewarding in regions with droughts and floods like in Malawi

Photo from GreeNiti Farming Solutions – India – https://www.facebook.com/102887818287865/photos/a.104576524785661/135608378349142/

Instead of seeing organic food as expense, view it as an investment in your health and as donation towards safer, better world for future generation.